In the ever-evolving field of medicine, new discoveries and advancements in treatment mechanisms offer career opportunities that are both exciting and challenging. So, if Biology makes you curious to know more and new research on health issues excites you, an MBBS programme might be a good career option for you. As Arushi, who topped two of the most competitive entrance exams - JIPMER MBBS and AIIMS MBBS - in 2016, says, “Since my childhood, I have been fascinated with medical profession. Moreover, Biology always made me curious about the workings of the body. Medicine, thus, was a natural choice for me.”
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is one of the most sought after professional degrees in India. It is a four-and-a-half-year degree followed by a mandatory rotational residential internship of one year. In order to pursue MBBS, a student should have compulsorily studied Biology in class 12 along with two other science subjects - Physics and Chemistry.
Changes in MBBS admission procedure
Admission procedure for around 52,000 undergraduate medical seats across all government and private medical as well as dental colleges has been overhauled with the Supreme Court’s landmark judgement on implementation of National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) from 2016. In May this year, the apex court had cleared the Medical Council of India (MCI) proposal for a common entrance examination – NEET with the prospect of scrapping all state and private-level examination, fair admission process, eradicating corruption and capitation fee. “Implementation of NEET exam is a great move. Now, as all the colleges are under one umbrella, the chances of getting admission in MBBS for deserving candidates are extremely high,” says Brajesh Maheswari, Director, Allen Career Institute.
Apart from NEET, two institutes of national importance - All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry are allowed to conduct their separate entrance tests for admissions to 700 and 150 MBBS seats respectively.
Top undergraduate exams
There will be only three national level entrance test in 2017 - NEET UG, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS -- for undergraduate medical programmes (MBBS and BDS). Among the three, NEET UG facilitates admission to MBBS/BDS seats across all government and private medical as well as dental colleges except AIIMS and JIPMER.
NEET UG Entrance Exam: NEET had replaced almost 90 state and private medical entrance exams for admission to approximately 52,000 MBBS and BDS seats in around 500 government as well as private medical and dental colleges across India. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is expected to conduct next NEET in May 2017.
NEET UG score will be applicable for admission to following seats:
q 15% All India Quota Seats: Admission to 15% All India Quota Seats will be conducted by Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) through centralized online counselling.
q State Government Quota Seats: The states accepting NEET will conduct counselling for allotment of MBBS and BDS seats in respective medical and dental colleges based on NEET score. These states will prepare state merit list based on the NEET score for candidates belonging to them.
q Private/Deemed University MBBS Seats: Private medical institutions will accept NEET score for admission to seats under their control. They will announce their admission procedure/criteria after the declaration of NEET result.
AIIMS MBBS Entrance Exam: This is national-level computer-based test conducted by All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS) for admission to 700 MBBS seats in seven AIIMS institutions located at New Delhi, Bhopal, Patna, Jodhpur, Rishikesh, Raipur and Bhubaneswar. Each AIIMS has 100 MBBS seats (earlier there were only 672 seats, but from 2017 it will be increased to 700).
JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam: Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry conducts JIPMER MBBS online entrance test for admission to 150 MBBS seats of the institute. It has two campuses - Puducherry and Kariakal, with 100 and 50 seats respectively.
Medical entrance exam application procedure
The application form of NEET UG, AIIMS and JIPMER will be filled through online mode. The application procedure details are mentioned below.
December to February
Online or Bank Challan
February to April, 2017
March 27 to May 3, 2017
Who can take these exams?
Eligibility criteria to pursue MBBS programmes comprise elements like academic qualifications, age limit, domicile requirement etc. In general, the aspirants must have passed class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects to apply for these entrance tests. The details are given below:
Applicant must be at least 17 years old as on December 31, 2017
The age limit is 25 years for General and 30 years for SC/ST/OBC category candidates
Candidates must have passed or will be appearing in class 10+2 or equivalent exam Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology (PCB) Mathematics or any other elective subject with English at a level not less than the core course for English as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
General Category Candidate must secured at least 50% marks in PCB or 45% (General PH) or 40% (SC/ST/OBC)
Applicants must have passed or will passing class 12 with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects under the 10+2 Scheme/ Senior School Certificate Examination (CSBE) or Intermediate Science (I.Sc.) or an same examination from a recognised University/ Board of any Indian State
General and OBC candidates must have passed 10+2/HSC in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English with 60% marks while for SC/ST the qualifying marks is 50%
Applicants must have passed or will passing class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Bio-technology (which include practical tests in these subjects) or any other elective with English subjects under the 10+2 Scheme/ Senior School Certificate Examination (CSBE) or Intermediate Science (I.Sc.) or an same examination from a recognised University/ Board of any Indian State
General category candidate must secured at least 50% marks while SC/ ST/OBC category candidates must have secured 40%
How to prepare for medical entrance examinations?
In India, over 8 to 10 lakh candidates annually appear for different medical entrance exams. But the fact remains that less than 5 per cent of the total aspirants get MBBS seats in medical colleges across India. The exam preparation plan must incorporate the following points.
Candidates must have conceptual clarity of topics in Physics, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany to score good marks.
Selecting right preparation materials: Selecting right preparation material is the most crucial part for cracking an exam. Toppers and experts suggest that candidates must read NCERT books along with other preparation materials to clear concepts in all the three subjects-Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The NCERT books are really helpful while preparing for NEET, says Het Shah who bagged AIR 1 in NEET 2015. “I started with strengthening my basic concepts with the help of NCERT core books. I would like to emphasise to prepare Biology from NCERT which really helped in solving questions during the exam,” he says.
Consistency and Routine Study: Consistency is one of the most pivotal elements of success. Many toppers say that the main factor behind their success is their consistent and routine study plan.
Gauge your preparation with mock tests: Mock tests are simulated papers based on exam pattern. They help you to revise the syllabus well before the real examinations. With these tests, you can evaluate your weakness and strengths.
However, your journey into the medical profession does not just end with entry into a medical college. It starts with five-and-a-half-years of Bachelor of MBBS followed by two years of specialised postgraduate programmes in Master of Surgery (MS) and Doctor of Medicine (MD). One can also pursue super specialisations after that.
Becoming a doctor is tough as it requires nearly 7-8 years of rigorous study followed by internship and strenuous hospital work. Even after becoming a doctor you still need to work hard and undergo the stress of dealing with human suffering, and takes years to become a specialist in a particular field. It’s a long, strenuous journey, but worth the effort.
Top medical colleges in India
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
AIIMS MBBS Exam
Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
JIPMER MBBS Exam
Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi
Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai
Government Medical College And Hospital, Chandigarh
Madras Medical College, Chennai
Stanley Medical College, Chennai
Stay tuned to www.medicine.careers360.com for more information on NEET
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Dear Banu, under Rights for persons with Disabilities under Benchmark disabilities, auditory disability should not exceed 40% to be eligible for PWD reservation in NEET. Now you haven't mentioned the disability percentage and so that it makes it difficult to guess. MCI has approximately 20 approved disability assessment centres which are listed in mcc.nic.in. You can get assessed at one of these centres. If the disability is more than 40% then you are not eligible for PWD reservation but will be considered for category reservation if applicable.
Dear Durga, there are probabilities that questions will be repeated in NEET. But we do not know the number of questions. But the fact that the syllabus is defined and the questions can be asked within these topics alone, chances are that questions will be repeated. So we shall help you with the syllabus and preparation tips. You can also check the sample papers for practise.
The Syllabus for Physics Includes:
Physical World and Measurement
Laws of Motion
Work, Energy and Power
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid body
Properties of Bulk Matter
Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory
Oscillation of waves
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
Dual Nature of matter and radiation
Atoms and nuclei
NCERT Physics Class XI & Class XII
Concepts of Physics by H. C. Verma
Objective Physics By DC Pandey
Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Fundamental Physics by Pradeep
Problems in General Physics by IE Irodov
Physics needs utmost focus and time because it involves with theoretical concepts and numbers. There should be a systematic approach in preparing for NEET. The important topics are Mechanics, ElectroDynamics, Modern Physics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Optics, Simple Harmonic Motion, Waves. Formulae form an integral part of your preparation. Memorise as many formulae as you can and write them down and stick them as post its so that you can always see them. Practise regularly and try various kinds of questions. Solving previous papers and mock tests to test your improvement. Keep a clock and check the time its taking you to solve these questions. And improve the time as you practise more. One day of the week should be set aside for revision so as to keep the mind fresh. For reading what the toppers and experts have to say, please visit our page at: https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/how-prepare-for-neet-physics/amp
Syllabus for Chemistry Includes:
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Structure of Atom
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
State of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Some p-block Elements
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
D and F Block Elements
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Biomolecules, Polymers and Chemistry in Everyday life
Chemistry Best Books:
NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XI and XII
Physical Chemistry by OP Tandon
ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12 by Modern
Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee
Dinesh Chemistry Guide
Practise books by VK Jaiswal, MS Chauhan and N Awasthi
Chemistry is divided into Inorganic, Physical and Organic chemistry. For inorganic chemistry, you must refer to the NCERT. Organic comprises of many reactions and reagents which can be practised by writing over and over again. Physical chemistry requires a comparatively deeper understanding of concepts, so preparing with the NCERT and referring to study material a level higher than NCERT should be the way to go. For more information, please visit our page at:
Syllabus for Biology includes:
Diversity in Living world
Structural Organization in Animal and Plants
Cell Structure and Function
Genetics and Evolution
Biology and Human Welfare
Biotechnology and its applications
Ecology and Environment
Biology Best Books:
NCERT Biology Class XI and Class XII textbooks
Biology Vol 1 and Vol 2 by Trueman
Objective Biology by Dinesh
Objective Botany by Ansari
Pradeep Guide on Biology
GR Bathla publications for Biology
Biology is the biggest section in NEET, comprising about half of the exam, and acing this subject can help you in scoring more in the exam. Human Physiology and Genetics have maximum weightage in NEET. It is advisable to practise questions of Genetics from previous year question papers, which will give you a thorough understanding of how the questions are being asked. Topics of Plant and Animal kingdom have a lot of portion to memorize. You can prepare these topics by making a comparative table for the sub-topics and studying it together. Plant physiology is also equally important and easy to score. For more tips, please visit our page at:
Please also check this page for sample papers:
Dear Muskan, There is Management Quota and Institutional Quota for AMU College. The cut offs for 2018 are as follows:
General Category: 562
General Category/PWD: 244
General Category: 533
General Category/PWD: 180
This is 2018 data and 2019 cut offs haven't been released yet. Cut offs change every year and are dependant on various factors such as no.of Candidates appearing for the exam, no.of Candidates qualified for the exam, top NEET score and difficulty of the exam.
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