MBBS Course
Kritika Tyagi, 08 Dec 2018, #NEET
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UPES - School of Health Sciences

MBBS Course - Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) is an under-graduate level professional degree programme which allows participants to practice medicine and surgery. Going by the nomenclature it seems MBBS are two degrees, however, it is granted as one. The MBBS course duration is of five and half years including a one-year mandatory residential internship programme. The MBBS course is conducted under semester system where students undergo theory and practical classes in nine semesters and four yearly exams followed by one year of rotational internship programme which constitutes training in different areas of medicine and surgery.

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The MBBS Course is basically divided into three broad phases - pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical. The syllabus comprises subject areas like Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, etc. The hands-on training is also imparted to students in different wards and departments of the hospital attached to their respective attached college during the course of MBBS programme. The students learn different stages of treatment and standard protocols like disease history, examination, diagnosing, and patient management etc during their practical classes.

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Eligibility for admission to MBBS course

  • There are only three medical entrances in the country viz. NEET UG, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS. To obtain admission to MBBS course in the country and even outside the country candidates will be required to appear for NEET apart from AIIMS and JIPMER. 
  • It is required of candidates to pass Class 12 with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Candidates also need to score a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology in aggregate while scoring qualifying marks in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology individually is mandatory. 
  • In terms of age, candidates must be at least 17 years of age to appear for medical entrances. Candidates more than 25 years of age cannot take NEET 2019, however, they are eligible for AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS.

MBBS Course duration 

Though MBBS is an undergraduate programme, the course duration is of five and a half years which is unlike other graduate programmes. Generally, the duration of undergraduate programmes in India is of three years except for UG Engineering programmes which are of four-year duration.  

The MBBS Course is regulated by the Medical Council of India (MCI). The theory and practical part are taught in four and a half years, followed by mandatory rotatory internship of one year. In the study period of four and a half years, the semester system is followed for the MBBS Course wherein candidates will be tested at various steps. Candidates check below the four parts of MBBS course-

Distribution of SemestersSubjects TaughtExaminations
First and Second SemesterPre-Clinical1st Professional Examination
Third, Fourth and Fifth Semester Para-Clinical2nd Professional Examination
Sixth and Seventh SemesterClinical3rd Professional Examination Part I
Eighth and Ninth Semester Clinical3rd Professional Examination Part II

MBBS Course - What students are taught?

During the MBBS course, the students are taught about the basics of anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and many other medicinal areas. Further, after MBBS programme, postgraduate programmes like MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MS (Master of Surgery) offer specialization in medicine and surgery respectively.

While pursuing MBBS degree, students get in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge of performing standard clinical procedures. They also learn to determine the best treatment for the patients based on their history. During the mandatory one-year internship, the students are rotated across various specialities which help them get first-hand experience of managing ward and staff as well as conducting counselling to patients. 


MBBS Course syllabus

The MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases- Pre-clinical, Para-clinical and Clinical.

While Pre-clinical phase taught in first and second semester comprises Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology, the Para-clinical phase which continues from third to fifth semester consists of Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards and OPDs.

The longest phase is the Clinical phase which runs through sixth to ninth semester. The subjects taught in this phase includes Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology); Pediatrics; Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics) etc. The clinical postings are also part of this phase. The detailed MBBS syllabus is given in the table below-

PhaseSemestersSubjects Covered
Pre-ClinicalFirst and Second SemesterAnatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology
Para-ClinicalThird to Fifth SemesterCommunity Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards
ClinicalSixth to Ninth SemesterCommunity Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical postings

Further, the one-year internship which is conducted on rotational basis includes postings in medicine, surgery, casualty, anaesthesiology, ophthalmology etc. The 3-month rural posting is also part of the internship programme. One elective course of 2-month duration is also part of the 12-month internship programme that each participant have to go through.

MBBS Admission in India

A career in MBBS is considered a noble profession in the country and is highly rewarding at the same time. During the course of MBBS programme, participants do not only learn to examine disease and prescribe medication to patients but also get trained in counselling of patients and acquire the required communication skills to deal with their patients.    

Post completion of the MBBS programme, one can go for various career and job options like establishing own clinic, pursuing research, joining hospital chains etc.


MBBS Course - FAQs

Question- What is the total duration of MBBS Course?

Answer- The MBBS Course is of total five and a half years. The first four and a half years involves theoretical and practical examinations. The last one year is for a mandatory rotatory internship.

Question- How can I get admission in MBBS Course?

Answer- You will be required to pass class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology in order to apply for the medical entrance tests. Admissions are done on merit basis. NEET is the all India entrance test for admission to all MBBS programmes in India except for MBBS programmes in AIIMS and JIPMER (the two institutes conduct their own admission tests)

Question- What are students taught in the first four and half years of MBBS?

Answer- They are taught about anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and much more. They learn about the basics and specialities of medicine and surgery during these years.  

Question- How much time a student has to spend during the internship in a rural area?

Answer- A total of three months have to be given for internship in the rural area.

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aiims and jipmer under neet ?its true pls answer

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 14th Oct, 2019


From 2020-2021 session onwards, there shall be only one entrance exam for admission to MBBS course and that is NEET

Earlier, AIIMS and JIPMER used to conduct their own entrance test which no longer will take place now.

So, yes NEET will be the only entrance test conducted for admission to MBBS


is aiims and neet has been combined

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 14th Oct, 2019


From 2020-2021 session onwards, there shall be only one entrance exam for admission to MBBS course and that is NEET

Earlier, AIIMS and JIPMER used to conduct their own entrance test which no longer will take place now.

So, yes NEET will be the only entrance test conducted for admission to MBBS


i have done my 10th from delhi but doing 11 th and 12th from up ...i wanted to know that as i m eligible for participating in neet from up if want admission in college of delhi ..how much will i have to score in neet?

Hello Rishu

Yes, you are eligible to write NEET from UP, even though you want to take admission in a college of Delhi. The admission is taken on the basis of your marks and rank, so it does not matter from which state you have given the exam. But you won't get the benefit of state quota.

Hope it helps you.


Hi Sir/Mam..Since it is now oficially declared that AIIMS JIPMER will be under NEET from 2020 onwards..Is it necessary to study NCERT Txt for physics and NCERT txtbook for Physical chemistry..Till now i was following my notes and doing MCQS ...plss tell me Sir/Mam whether i have to make any change ?

Priyaanka Sarkar Student Expert 13th Oct, 2019

Dear Venu, NTA majorly asks questions from NCERT. But you need to be prepared so as not to be surprised in the examination hall. Class notes is good but you will need few more books:

Physics Best Books:

NCERT Physics Class XI & Class XII

Concepts of Physics by H. C. Verma

Objective Physics By DC Pandey

Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker

Fundamental Physics by Pradeep

Problems in General Physics by IE Irodov

Chemistry Best Books:

NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XI and XII

Physical Chemistry by OP Tandon

ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12 by Modern

Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee

Dinesh Chemistry Guide

Practise books by VK Jaiswal, MS Chauhan and N Awasthi

Biology Best Books:

NCERT Biology Class XI and Class XII textbooks

Biology Vol 1 and Vol 2 by Trueman

Objective Biology by Dinesh

Objective Botany by Ansari

Pradeep Guide on Biology

GR Bathla publications for Biology


how is bhms course? is there any worth doing bhms course?and how bharatesh homeopathy Medical college in belgaum Karnataka?

Yash Dev Student Expert 13th Oct, 2019
Hello student Bachelor of Homeopathic medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate programme in homeopathy. The minimum eligibility criteria for BHMS is XII qualifications from with Biology/Chemistry/Physics/English as the major subjects studied in class XII, with score of at least 50 per cent. The minimum age limit prescribed is 17 years.
Bhartesh medical college is a private college it established in 1982 and its a good college for doing BHMS.
Feel free to comment if you have any doubt
Good luck
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