MBBS Course - Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) is an undergraduate level professional degree programme which allows participants to practice medicine and surgery. Going by the nomenclature it seems MBBS are two degrees, however, it is granted as one. The MBBS course duration is of five and half years including a one-year mandatory residential internship programme. The MBBS course is conducted under semester system where students undergo theory and practical classes in nine semesters and four yearly exams followed by one year of rotational internship programme which constitutes training in different areas of medicine and surgery.
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The MBBS Course is basically divided into three broad phases - pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical. The syllabus comprises subject areas like Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, etc. The hands-on training is also imparted to students in different wards and departments of the hospital attached to their respective attached college during the course of MBBS programme. The students learn different stages of treatment and standard protocols like disease history, examination, diagnosing, and patient management etc during their practical classes.
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MBBS Course duration
Though MBBS is an undergraduate programme, the course duration is of five and a half years which is unlike other graduate programmes. Generally, the duration of undergraduate programmes in India is of three years except for UG Engineering programmes which are of four-year duration.
The MBBS Course is regulated by the Medical Council of India (MCI). The theory and practical part are taught in four and a half years, followed by mandatory rotatory internship of one year. In the study period of four and a half years, the semester system is followed for the MBBS Course wherein candidates will be tested at various steps. Candidates check below the four parts of MBBS course-
MBBS Course - What students are taught?
During the MBBS course, the students are taught about the basics of anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and many other medicinal areas. Further, after MBBS programme, postgraduate programmes like MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MS (Master of Surgery) offer specialization in medicine and surgery respectively.
While pursuing MBBS degree, students get in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge of performing standard clinical procedures. They also learn to determine the best treatment for the patients based on their history. During the mandatory one-year internship, the students are rotated across various specialities which help them get first-hand experience of managing ward and staff as well as conducting counselling to patients.
MBBS Course syllabus
The MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases- Pre-clinical, Para-clinical and Clinical.
While Pre-clinical phase taught in first and second semester comprises Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology, the Para-clinical phase which continues from third to fifth semester consists of Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards and OPDs.
The longest phase is the Clinical phase which runs through sixth to ninth semester. The subjects taught in this phase includes Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology); Pediatrics; Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics) etc. The clinical postings are also part of this phase. The detailed MBBS syllabus is given in the table below-
Further, the one-year internship which is conducted on rotational basis includes postings in medicine, surgery, casualty, anaesthesiology, ophthalmology etc. The 3-month rural posting is also part of the internship programme. One elective course of 2-month duration is also part of the 12-month internship programme that each participant have to go through.
A career in MBBS is considered a noble profession in the country and is highly rewarding at the same time. During the course of MBBS programme, participants do not only learn to examine disease and prescribe medication to patients but also get trained in counselling of patients and acquire the required communication skills to deal with their patients.
Post completion of the MBBS programme, one can go for various career and job options like establishing own clinic, pursuing research, joining hospital chains etc.
MBBS Course - FAQs
Question- What is the total duration of MBBS Course?
Answer- The MBBS Course is of total five and a half years. The first four and a half years involves theoretical and practical examinations. The last one year is for a mandatory rotatory internship.
Question- How can I get admission in MBBS Course?
Answer- You will be required to pass class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology in order to apply for the medical entrance tests. Admissions are done on merit basis. NEET is the all India entrance test for admission to all MBBS programmes in India except for MBBS programmes in AIIMS and JIPMER (the two institutes conduct their own admission tests)
Question- What are students taught in the first four and half years of MBBS?
Answer- They are taught about anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and much more. They learn about the basics and specialities of medicine and surgery during these years.
Question- How much time a student has to spend during the internship in a rural area?
Answer- A total of three months have to be given for internship in the rural area.
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