The Medical Council of India (MCI) has approved a joint proposal of the health ministry and the MCI to have a common entrance test for undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses for the 2016 academic session.MCI has also proposed an amendment to the Medical Council of India Act, 1956 Act so that they can have right to decide on the conduct of common entrance test.Suggestions for holding the common entrance test for MBBS, BDS and post-graduate medical courses has been sent to the Health Ministry for further consideration and approval.
As per the current exam policy, every state government, private medical college associations and deemed universities conduct their own entrance test for admission to the seats under their control. And an aspiring candidate appears in any of the exams as per their choice.
The need for a common entrance test comes after a series of irregularities surfaced during the conduct of various medical entrance exams in the last couple of years. With AIPMT paper leak, MP DMAT cancellation, Vyapam and other scams undervaluing the importance of entrance tests, both MCI and the government feel a common entrance test would be the best way to benefit students and get rid of corruption in the system.
The demand for a common medical entrance test for students across the country was first initiated in 2009, when MCI was headed by Dr Ketan Desai. National Eligibility Test (NEET) a common medical entrance test was conducted in 2013 for admission to MBBS and BDS courses in government, private and deemed universities. The Supreme Court in June 2013 had ruled out the MCI's notification for holding common entrance tests for MBBS, BDS and post-graduate medical courses as invalid as it was a violation of Articles 19, 25, 26, 29 and 30 of the Constitution.
In India, on an average over 6 lakh candidates appear annually in any of the 75 undergraduate medical entrance examinations for admission to as many as 52, 000 MBBS and BDS seats available in various national, state and public and private university level medical institutions. There are around 60 postgraduate medical entrance examination conducted every year for admission to 15, 000 MD/MS/Diploma programmes offered at various medical instructions of India.
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