All about MD
Manashjyoti, 5 days ago, #NEET

All about MD - To climb the ladder of success as a medical practitioner, Doctor of Medicine or MD degree is an obvious choice after completing MBBS. A postgraduate program, MD course is open to MBBS graduates and offers more than a dozen specialisations, including Anatomy, Radiotherapy, and General Medicine. Admission to MD course is based on the national-level eligibility cum entrance exam, NEET PG, but a few institutes like AIIMS and JIPMER have their own exams. MD course is three years long and the curriculum is competency based that allows students sufficient autonomy. The total number of MD seats available as per MCI India website is 17950 offered by around 220 medical colleges, including both private and public. Candidates desirous of pursuing an MD degree need to be familiar with details like eligibility criteria, admission process, which colleges to apply, and also fee structure. Being well-informed, decision making is easier. Keeping this in mind, Careers360 brings here the complete information on MD. So, keep reading.

All about MD - Course Details

The duration of the course is 3 years with the curriculum being competency based. Also, as per PG Medical Regulation Act, 2000, Medical Council of India:

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  • The learning in MD program (and for all postgraduate programmes) will be self-directed and autonomous. 

  • Formative and summative assessment will be the twin pillars for success in the program.

  • A modular approach is recommended to get systemic exposure to the various sub-specialties related to the discipline.

  • The learning process will include learning experience ‘derived from’ or ‘targeted to’ the requirements of society. So, students will be exposed to community-based activities.        

All about MD - Eligibility Criteria

To pursue an MD course, the candidate has to fulfill certain set of conditions including that of academic qualification, internship requirement, and also registration. Also, if the candidate seeks admission on the basis of NEET PG, than NEET PG 2019 eligibility criteria would apply. Meanwhile institutes like AIIMS and JIPMER, which conduct their own exams, the eligibility criteria, though same for the major part, may have a few tweaks. So, the candidate needs to conform to the eligibility criteria of exam they are appearing in. 

Here we are listing the eligibility criteria of NEET PG 2019 for MD course

  • The candidate needs to hold MBBS degree or provisional MBBS pass certificate as recommended under Indian Medical Council Act 1956. 

  • The candidate must possess permanent or provisional registration certificate issued by MCI or State Medical Council showing MBBS qualification.

  • The candidate also needs to have completed one year of internship or must complete it on or before March 31 in the admission year.

To read the full NEET PG 2019 eligibility criteria - Click Here

Also, you can check the eligibility criteria for other PG exams below.

All about MD - Admission Process

Admission to MD courses across all medical institutes in the country will be based on NEET PG 2019 scores only, except a few central institutions which will conduct their own exams. NEET PG is an eligibility cum entrance exam that is conducted by National Board of Examinations (NBE) for admission to MD, MS and also diploma courses. 

The following MD seats will be filled on the basis of NEET PG 2019:

  • 50% All India quota seats (all    States except Jammu    & Kashmir)  

  • State quota seats. (including Jammu    & Kashmir)

  • All Private Medical Colleges,    Institutions & Universities/Deemed Universities

  • Armed    Forces    Medical Services Institutions

  • DNB Broad specialty courses

The following institutions however will not use NEET PG scores, but will instead conduct individual exams for MD admission:

  • AIIMS,    New Delhi and     other AIIMS

  • PGIMER, Chandigarh

  • JIPMER, Puducherry

  • NIMHANS, Bengaluru

  • Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology,    Trivandrum

Qualifying Percentile for NEET 2019

Candidates aspiring to get admission to an MD courses on the basis of NEET PG 2019 scores neet to qualify in the exam scoring the minimum prescribed in their respective category.  

Category-wise NEET PG 2019 qualifying score


Qualifying Percentile


50th Percentile

OBC, SC, and ST

40th Percentile


45th Percentile

All about MD - Colleges

Most students plan to do an MD course after completion of MBBS, and especially from a reputed college. The reason being, while the MD degree is itself a step up from MBBS degree, earning this advanced degree from an institute like LHMC or CMC Vellore can give that additional lustre and brand recognition that less well known medical colleges can’t. 

Top colleges for MD degree (in no particular order)

Name of college





New Delhi

CMC Vellore


Tamil Nadu

Maulana Azad Medical College


New Delhi

Armed Forces Medical College, Pune



Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC)


New Delhi


While an MBBS degree doesn't need any introduction, the same cannot always be said about the MD degree, which has many of us scratching our backs wondering what the two letters mean. Interestingly the two are interrelated in that you can pursue an MD degree only if you have completed the MBBS course. Meaning, MD is an advanced degree.
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is an undergraduate course that is pursued after 10+2 by candidates from science background with physics, chemistry and biology combination. A postgraduate course, MD can be pursued only by MBBS degree holders and offers a host of specializations, including Anaesthesiology, Radiotherapy, Psychiatry, Pediatrics, Ophthalmology, and Nuclear Medicine. 

The duration of an MBBS degree is five and half years, which includes one year of mandatory internship. In contrast, an MD course can be completed in 3 years. Admission to MBBS is based on NEET UG exam which is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA), while admission to MD programmes is through NEET PG conducted by NBE. That being said institutes like AIIMS, JIPMER, and PGIMER are out of the NEET ambit and have their own entrance exams.

MD vs. MS

Like MD, Master of Surgery (MS) is also a postgraduate degree and the admission process is also same, through the common entrance exam NEET PG. The candidate will be able to choose between MD and MS programs at the time of counselling based on their preference and NEET PG rank. 

If the candidate pursues an MS course, he or she will become a surgeon, while an MD degree holder is a called a physician. A surgeon performs surgical operations.  

Specialities available in MS level include Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology (ENT), and Orthopaedics.  

All about MD - Fee Structure

The MD course fee can vary widely depending on the type of institute - private or public. Also, within these two groups as well the fee may vary from one institute to another; the variation is more pronounced in private colleges than in public colleges, as could be expected. 

Speaking of fee charged by public colleges, the premier medical institute in the country, AIIMS Delhi and the other AIIMS charge an annual  tuition fee of only Rs. 702. Other components of fee structure include pot money, electricity, Gymkhana Fee, and caution money. The total annual fee after adding all the components is less than Rs. 2000. Also, AIIMS doesn’t charge any hostel fees from its students. While some of the other government medical colleges may charge a bit higher, still it is far less than what is charged by private institutes. 

For example, CMC Vellore, which is a private institute, charges Rs. 1200 an annual tuition fee, Rs. 15,000 as one time establishment fee, and Rs. 1,20,000 as university fee. The total annual fee comes out to be around Rs. 1,42,000. This fee is probably on the lower side for a private institute, as some institutes charge much higher. 

Given the disparity in fee structure between government and private colleges, it is no surprise than most students would ideally like to take admission into a government institute. But the consequence of this is that the competition for a government seat is higher, and the candidate would need a good rank, whatever the exam may be - NEET PG, AIIMS PG, or JIPMER PG.       

Refer the table below to check the fee structure of some of the popular government as well as private medical colleges. 

Fee Structure of MD course at popular Medical Colleges



Fee Structure



Click Here

Christian Medical College, Vellore


Click Here

Banaras Hindu University (BHU) 


Click Here

JIPMER Puducherry


Click Here

St. John’s Medical College


Click Here

All about MD - Career Opportunities

The life of a medical student isn’t exactly a bed of roses, as the course is punishing and relentless. When you slog so much and for so long, it is therefore only natural that when the time comes to reap the fruits, you would like to grab at the best possible career options. 

  • Clinical setup - These days a simple MBBS degree doesn’t offer the same traction, like an MD degree does. Also, if you decide to set up your own clinic, you can chart your own path and on your own terms. Only note that the initial phase may be a little daunting, but if you get through it you are pretty much established for life. 

  • Government job - Many high paying and secure jobs are available in the government sector. In fact, UPSC conducts a number of exams for recruiting doctors with MD qualification.

  • Private jobs - With the mushrooming of a number of private hospitals, there are more opportunities than ever before for a medical practitioner. And the demand for an MD degree holder sits right at the top of the tree.  

  • Further studies - You may also opt for higher studies and earn a Doctorate of Medicine (DM) degree, which is a superspeciality degree. Note that your superspeciality option will however depend on the specialisation in which you did your MD. For example, if you did MD Paediatrics, superspeciality options would include Cardiology, Clinical Hematology, Hepatology, Medical Gastroenterology, etc.

All about MD - Specialisations

MD Specialisations

Aerospace Medicine

Marine Medicine



Medical Genetics

Respiratory Medicine



Sports Medicine


Nuclear medicine

Immunohematology and Blood transfusion



Infectious Diseases

Community medicine

Palliative Medicine

Tropical Medicine

Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy


Hospital Administration

Emergency Medicine


Radio diagnosis

Family Medicine


Health Administration

Forensic Medicine

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation


General Medicine


Pulmonary medicine

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