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Haloarene - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Sep 25, 2023 25:24 PM | #NEET

Quick Facts

  • 12 Questions around this concept.

Solve by difficulty

The reaction of toluene with Cl2 in presence of FeCl3 gives 'X' and reaction in presence of light gives 'Y'. Thus, 'X' and 'Y' are:

Fluorobenzene (C_6H_5F) can be synthesised in the laboratory

The reaction of C_{6}H_{5}CH=CHCH_{3}  with HBr produces:

Concepts Covered - 2

Preparation of Aryl Halides
  • From hydrocarbons by electrophilic substitution
    Aryl chlorides and bromides can be easily prepared by electrophilic substitution of arenes with chlorine and bromine respectively in the presence of Lewis acid catalysts like iron or iron(III) chloride.
  • The ortho and para isomers can be easily separated due to large difference in their melting points. Reactions with iodine are reversible in nature and require the presence of an oxidising agent (HNO3, HIO4) to oxidise the HI formed during iodination. Fluoro compounds are not prepared by this method due to high reactivity of fluorine.

  • From amines by Sandmeyer’s reaction
    When a primary aromatic amine, dissolved or suspended in cold aqueous mineral acid, is treated with sodium nitrite, a diazonium salt is formed. Mixing the solution of freshly prepared diazonium salt with cuprous chloride or cuprous bromide results in the replacement of the diazonium group by –Cl or –Br.
          


 

Elimination-Addition Mechanism(II)

The accepted mechanism for nucleophilic aromatic substitution in nitro-substituted aryl halides is given as follows.


Mechanism

  1. Addition stage: The nucleophile, in this case methoxide ion, adds to the carbon atom that bears the leaving group to give a cyclohexadienyl anion intermediate.
  2. Elimination stage: Loss of halide form the cyclohexadienyl intermediate restores the aromaticity of the ring and gives the product of nucleophilic aromatic substitution.

Study it with Videos

Preparation of Aryl Halides
Elimination-Addition Mechanism(II)

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