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Introduction to Kingdom Plantae - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Sep 18, 2023 18:34 AM | #NEET

Quick Facts

  • 10 Questions around this concept.

Solve by difficulty

Which one of the following is considered important in the development of seed habit?

The first living beings on earth were anaerobic because

Concepts Covered - 1

Introduction to Kingdom Plantae


  • The Kingdom Plantae includes all eukaryotic chlorophyll-containing organisms having prominent chloroplasts and cellulosic cell walls.
  • Mode of nutrition is mainly autotrophic. It occurs through the process of photosynthesis. 
  • However, some plants have heterotrophic mode of nutrition, such as Cuscuta which is a parasitic plant. The insectivorous plants like Venus Fly Trap are partially heterotrophic.
  • The reserve food material is starch.
  • Ecologically, they act as producers in an ecosystem.

Major groups of Kingdom Plantae:

An outline of plant classification is as follows: 


  • All plants are divided into two broad groups i.e. cryptogams and Phanerogamae
  • Cryptogams include all plants that do not form seeds while phanerogams include plants with seeds. 
  • Cryptogamae includes Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta while Phanerogamae includes gymnosperms and angiosperms. 

Thus, the major groups are:

  1. Thallophyta / Algae
  2. Bryophyta
  3. Pteridophyta
  4. Gymnosperms
  5. Angiosperms


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Introduction to Kingdom Plantae

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