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LC Oscillations - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Sep 25, 2023 25:23 PM | #NEET

Concepts Covered - 0

LC oscillations

LC oscillations:

When a charged capacitor is allowed to discharge through a non-resistance, electrical oscillations of constant amplitude and frequency are produced. These oscillations are called LC-oscillations.

Let a capacitor be charged qm (at = 0) and connected to an inductor as shown in Fig.
The moment the circuit is completed, the charge on the capacitor starts decreasing, giving rise to the current in the circuit.

Let and be the charge and current in the circuit at time t.

Since  \frac{di}{dt} is positive, the induced emf in will have polarity as shown, i.e., vb v. 

According to Kirchhoff’s loop rule,

 \frac{q}{C}-L \frac{\mathrm{d} i}{\mathrm{~d} t}=0

i = -(dq/dt) in the present case (as q decreases, I increases).

 \frac{\mathrm{d}^2 q}{\mathrm{~d} t^2}+\frac{1}{L C} q=0

This equation has the form for  

\frac{\mathrm{d}^2 x}{\mathrm{~d} t^2}+\omega_0^2 x=0

a simple harmonic oscillator. The charge, therefore, oscillates with a natural frequency.

 \omega_0=\frac{1}{\sqrt{L C}}

And varies sinusoidally with time as:

 q=q_m \cos \left(\omega_0 t+\phi\right)

where qm is the maximum value of and φ is a phase constant. Since qm at = 0, we have  \cos \phi =1 or  \phi= 0. Therefore, in the present case

The current i (= \frac{di}{dt} ) is given by

 \text { where } i_m=\omega_0 q_m

Since there is no current in the circuit; energy in the inductor is zero. Thus, the total energy of LC circuit is

U=U_{E}=\frac{1}{2} \frac{q_{m}^{2}}{C}

 

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