All about BAMS
Updated on Nov 27, 2019 - 10:05 a.m. IST by PriyamDave
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All about BAMS: Candidates willing to take medicine as a career can opt for Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) after the completion of Class 12. BAMS is an Aryuvedic traditional healing art in India. BAMS course provides the complete knowledge about 'Ashtanga Ayurveda' along with scientific advances in modern medicine along with extensive practical training. Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) is the responsible body for admission to Ayurveda education at undergraduate as well as postgraduate level and for practice Ayurvedic medicine in India. The admission to BAMS courses will be granted on the basis of scores obtained in NEET exam. Besides that, candidates must fulfil certain eligibility criteria of BAMS specified by the authority. BAMS syllabus and curriculum is uniform across the country and the admission to BAMS courses is done in only Ayurvedic colleges affiliated to the respective universities, which are permitted by Department of AYUSH, Union Government of India. Candidates who have decided to take BAMS as a career should know that NEET 2020 will be conducted on May 3. While the application form is to be released on December 2, 2019. Interested aspirants can read the article on all about BAMS for more information on course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, fees, total seats among others.
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BAMS Course Details

For the undergraduate education level, BAMS course is for five and a half years duration. After the completion of BAMS degree, the student will be awarded with the degree of 'Ayurvedacharya'. The theory BAMS course is carried out in four and a half years, while it is necessary for candidates to complete a year rotatory internship for practical training. The degree of BAMS is divided into three profession theory, which are mentioned in the table below.

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BAMS - Duration, Profession, Course Details

S.No.

Profession

Duration

Brief description of the course

1.

I Profession

1.5 years

Ayurvedic as Modern Anatomy & Physiology, Ayurvedic Classical Texts, Sanskrit Language

2.

II Profession

1.5 years

Ayurvedic Classical Texts, Social and Preventive Medicine, Ayurvedic Toxicology, Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics including herbal and herbo-mineral medicines as well as essential modern pharmacology, diagnostics and clinical methods.

3.

III Profession

1.5 years

Ayurvedic as well as modern aspects of - general medicine, gynaecology and obstetrics, general surgery, paediatrics, ENT, ophthalmology, Panchakarma (Bio-cleansing procedure), Ayurvedic Classical Texts.

4.

Compulsory Rotatory Internship

1 year

1 year internship in the clinical departments

BAMS Course Eligibility

It is mandatory for aspirants to fulfil certain eligibility conditions to get admission to BAMS course. Some basic BAMS eligibility criteria is mentioned below.

  • Candidates are required to pass Class 12 or equivalent examination with science subjects ( Physics, Chemistry and Biology) and English core in both Class 11 and 12 from a recognised board.

  • He/she should have completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or as on 31st December, 2019

  • An aspirant from general category needs to secure an aggregate of 50% in their Class 12 Board examination. While, for SC/ST/OBC candidates, the qualifying percentage is 40%

  • Candidates need to have qualified NEET 2020 by securing minimum qualifying cutoff percentile to get admission in BAMS course.

  • For foreign students any other equivalent qualification approved by the University will be allowed.

BAMS Admission Process

Admission to BAMS courses will be taken on the basis of NEET UG score and the corresponding rank. therefore , candidates are required to qualify NEET conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA). In order to take admission to BAMS course, candidates are required to secure NEET cutoff 2020 percentile. Candidates can check the category-wise minimum required percentile in the table below.

Qualifying Percentile for NEET 2019

S.No.

Categories

Minimum required percentile

1.

General (UR)

50th Percentile

2.

SC/ST/OBC(including PwD of SC/ ST/ OBC)

40th Percentile

3.

UR PwD

45th Percentile

However, NTA is only responsible to conduct NEET and prepare merit list for the same. The admission to BAMS will be taken state-wise counselling procedure. For BAMS admission process each state will release its own state merit rank based on the NEET merit list for which the candidates will be required to fill application form.

BAMS Colleges

In most states, the admission to BAMS course is conducted by the same authority as the one conducting MBBS/BDS state counselling, but a few states also have a separate counselling body for BAMS admissions. To check the number of colleges that offer BAMS course click here.

BAMS Scope

With an upsurge of countless grave health issues and limitations of allopathy, Ayurveda has emerged as an alternative. Therefore, BAMS as a medical course is gaining popularity not just in India but all over the world. With almost zero side effects, ayurveda is being increasingly opted by people all over the globe. People suffering from lifestyle diseases also seek help in the traditional art of healing which indicates the growing demand of BAMS doctors. After the completion of the BAMS course, candidates can either opt for practicing or may pursue higher studies and specialise in a particular branch of ayurveda. A BAMS graduate is required to take up one year of internship to have practical experience which is equally required for becoming a successful practitioner. Along with regular practice, a BAMS graduate can also take up specialized practice after pursuing higher education in the discipline, e.g., therapy of skin diseases, spinal disorders, ophthalmologic conditions, ano-rectal diseases, etc. Candidates can check the specialities which can be pursued in the list below:

  • Padartha Vigyan

  • Sharir Rachana

  • Sharir Kriya

  • Swasth Vritta

  • Rasa Shastra

  • Agad Tantra

  • Rog Vikriti Vigyan

  • Charak Samhita]

  • Prastuti and Stri Roga

  • Kaumara Bhritya

  • Kayachikitsa

  • Shallya Tantra

  • Shalakya Tantra

  • Charak Samhita

There are plenty of job opportunities for BAMS graduates which includes joining a government or private hospital as an ayurvedic specialist or start up a private clinic. Another sector that is up and coming for BAMS graduates is Research which branch out to a diverse range of areas where a research can be conducted. Teaching Ayurveda is another area where a BAMS graduate can secure a decent livelihood.

BAMS Vs MBBS

BAMS may not be considered as sought-after as an MBBS course, but there are many details that make it worth pursuing. Getting into BAMS course is not that difficult when compared with MBBS. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course is relatively tough and has limited number of seat in proportion to the number of candidates that apply for admission. It is relatively easy to get in a seat in government college to pursue BAMS course and it is cheaper than MBBS. In BAMS course, candidates are required to study modern medical sciences and modern diagnostics along with Ayurvedic Samhitas. Whereas in MBBS candidates do not wander off from the domain of advanced medicine and new technology associated with it. After completing BAMS, candidates can go for clinical research or can take up a course of alternative medicine just like a MBBS graduate. BAMS graduate also have the option of pursuing MD and MS in Ayurveda but do not have as many option as an MBBS graduate has.

BAMS course fee structure

The fee structure for BAMS colleges vary when it comes to government and private colleges. The course fee structure also differs state wise. However, the fee for one year is approximately 50,000/- to 70,000/- in private colleges. In the BAMS curriculum one year is dedicated to extensive internship therefore the fee structure is calculated for 4 and a half year. The total cost can go approximately around 3,00,000/- to 4,00,000/- along with yearly charges that includes exam fee, books fee, hostel fee that may be charged separately. In addition with the yearly expenses, the total cost comes around 5 lakh to 6 lakh.

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