All about Master of Surgery (MS)
Manashjyoti, 25 Feb 2019, #NEET
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All about Master of Surgery (MS) - A postgraduate degree, Master of Surgery (MS) can be pursued after completion of MBBS program. Admission to Master of Surgery program is commonly through the NEET PG exam, which is conducted at a national-level and is attempted by close to 1.5 lakh candidates every year. That being said, AIIMS institutes, JIPMER PG and PGIMER are not covered by NEET PG, as these institutes conduct their own exams. MS programme is offered by more than 200 medical colleges, with a total intake of 9478 seats (source MCI). MS specialisations that one can opt from include General Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, and Orthopaedics. As the title of the article All about Master of Surgery suggests, we take you through all the key aspects related to the program, starting with a description of the course, eligibility criteria, admission process, fee structure and much more. So, keep reading.

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All about Master of Surgery (MS) - Course Details

Post graduate medical education in the country is regulated by Medical Council of India (MCI). The regulations postulated by MCI are referred to as “The Postgraduate Medical Education Regulations 2000.”

MCI Regulations for MS Education

  • The duration of post graduate medical education for degree courses, like Master of Surgery (MS) course, will be of three years.

  • The MS academic curriculum will be competency based.

  • Learning will be self-directed and autonomous 

  • Formative and summative assessment will be necessary ingredients for success in the PG program.

  • A modular approach is recommended to achieve systemic exposure to different sub-specialties of a discipline. 

  • Active participation in community-based activities is sought so that students learn the needs of a community 

Major components of MS curriculum:

  • Theoretical knowledge

  • Practical and clinical skills

  • Thesis skills

  • Attitudes including communication skills

  • Training in research methodology

All about Master of Surgery (MS) - Eligibility Criteria

Admission to MS courses in medical colleges in the country will be on the basis of NEET PG exam conducted by National Board of Examinations (NBE), except a few institutes established by an act of parliament like AIIMS and JIPMER, which conduct their own exams. Among the important NEET PG 2019 eligibility criteria that the candidate has to meet to be considered for admission include that of age limit, academic qualification and internship requirements.

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Eligibility criteria of NEET PG 2019 for Master of Surgery course

  • MBBS degree or provisional MBBS pass certificate holders are eligible for admission 

  •  As proof of MBBS qualification, one must obtain permanent or provisional registration certificate  issued by MCI or by any State Medical Council.

  • The applicant must also have completed one year of internship or complete it on or before March 31 in admission year.

To read the full details of NEET PG 2019 eligibility criteria - Click Here

Institutes like AIIMS, JIPMER and PGIMER will conduct their own individual exams and consequently may have their own eligibility criteria. Please note that the broad criteria may remain the same, like applicant needs to be an MBBS degree holder, but there may be some minor points that the candidate needs to be aware of. To read the eligibility criteria specific to these exams, refer the table below:

Eligibility criteria for MS exams other than NEET PG

All about Master of Surgery - Admission Process

Admission to almost all MS specialisations offered by medical institutes in the country will be through NEET PG 2019 scores. The only institutes that are out of the NEET ambit include AIIMS institutes, PGIMER, JIPMER, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, and Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum.

NEET PG is a national-level exam conducted annually by NBE. Note that NEET PG is common exam form admission to both MS and MD courses. The decision whether the candidate wants to pursue MD or MS course has to be made at the time of counselling, and will depend on the merit rank of the candidate and score.

MS seats to be filled on the basis of NEET PG 2019

  • 50% All India quota seats (all    States except Jammu    & Kashmir)  

  • State quota seats. (including Jammu    & Kashmir)

  • All Private Medical Colleges,    Institutions & Universities/Deemed Universities

  • Armed    Forces    Medical Services Institutions

  • DNB Broad specialty courses

Institutes that do not use NEET PG score for MS admission

  • AIIMS,    New Delhi and     other AIIMS

  • PGIMER, Chandigarh

  • JIPMER, Puducherry

  • NIMHANS, Bengaluru

  • Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology,    Trivandrum

Qualifying Percentile for NEET PG 2019

The qualifying NEET 2019 percentile, or cutoff as it is also known as, is the minimum percentile a candidate has to score in the exam to qualify. Meaning if any candidate scores below the prescribed qualifying percentile, he or she will not be allowed to participate in the counselling and seat allotment process. Please note that the NEET 2019 qualifying percentile will be category specific; so one needs to refer the qualifying percentile for the category they belong to only, to check their eligibility.

Another thing is the percentile score is not the same as raw score, but only a reflection of the candidates performance as compared to their peers.  

NEET PG 2019 qualifying percentile              

Category

Qualifying Percentile

General 

50th Percentile

OBC, SC, and ST

40th Percentile

UR-PwD 

45th Percentile

All about MD - Colleges

After completing an MBBS degree, the next step is to get a PG degree, with many having their eyes fixed on MS. The desire to pursue MS stems from the fact that a simple MBBS degree doesn’t hold the same aces as an MS degree does. Also, with rapid development in medical sciences and creation of specialities and super-specialties, it is only natural that meritorious students would like to learn and do more in their profession.

So, today we have more and more colleges offering MS program; as per latest date, number of colleges offering MS courses totals more than 200. The combined seat intake of these colleges is 9478 (source MCI official website).

AIIMS, New Delhi rightfully claims its position as the best medical college for MS study, but there are others like CMC Vellore, LHMC and Kasturba Medical College, which are also blazing a trail and taking medical education in the country to the next level 

Top colleges for MS degree (in no particular order)

Name of college

Type

State

AIIMS Delhi

Government

New Delhi

CMC Vellore

Private

Tamil Nadu

Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 

Private

Karnataka

Maulana Azad Medical College

Government

New Delhi

Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

Government 

Maharashtra

Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC)

Government

New Delhi

MBBS vs. MS

If you want to be a doctor, you get an MBBS degree; most of us know this bit. Now an MS degree is an advanced (postgraduate) degree which is open for MBBS (undergraduate) degree holders. To get admission into an MS course, the candidate has to either appear in the national-level exam, say NEET PG, or they may appear in exams conducted by AIIMS, New Delhi, JIPMER or PGIMER. The entrance exam is conducted because there are limited seats, with only the best getting through.

The academic curriculum at the undergraduate level (MBBS) is the same for all candidates and there is no specialisation. However, Master of Surgery offers a host of specialisations, with the academic curriculum specialisation-specific. So, a candidate pursuing MS General Surgery will have a different syllabus from someone, say, who is studying Ophthalmology.

What is an MD degree and how is it related to MS degree?

Both are postgraduate degrees. The full form of MD is Doctor of Medicine, with the degree holder called a Physician. Students who complete MS degree will perform surgeries and are called surgeons.

Admission process to both the courses is the same - through NEET PG. The candidate will be able to choose between MD and MS degree based on their preference and rank at the time of counselling. 

Master of Surgery Fee Structure at top Medical Colleges

For many candidate who don’t get admission into a government college, pursuing an MS course can be cost-prohibitive. Sample this, annual postgraduate fee at Banaras Hindu University comes to around 14,500. If you take AIIMS institutes, the fee is even less, as they charge around 2,000 per annum.

Now take a look at the private colleges - CMC Vellore charges around 1,42, 000 per annum. In fact, if you take admission in Kasturba Medical College, your fee would vary depending on the specialization you choose. For example, the course fee for MS Orthopaedics at the institute is Rs. 7, 20, 000, whereas the fee for MS (General Surgery and OBG) is Rs. 6, 30, 000.

So, if you are finally not so well-off you need to consider these factors. 

Master of Surgery fee structure course at popular Medical Colleges

College

Type

Fee Structure

AIIMS

Government

Click Here

Christian Medical College, Vellore

Private

Click Here

Kasturba Medical College

Private

Click Here (Insert pdf)

Banaras Hindu University (BHU) 

Government

Click Here

JIPMER Puducherry

Government

Click Here

St. John’s Medical College

Private

Click Here

All about Master of Surgery - Career Opportunities

One of the driving forces behind pursuing a MS course is it opens a lot of new and exciting opportunities, including better package and security. A few years from now, how many speciality and super-speciality hospitals have we heard of? Not many, right!

And this trend will continue, meaning there will be growing demands for an MS specialist as well. Here are some career options for an MS degree holder.

  • Setting up a medical clinic - It is for many the ultimate dream, as having a clinic allows the medical practitioner various liberties that otherwise wouldn’t be possible in a formal hospital. Like for example, one can set up the clinic at a just about any location of one’s choice, set visiting hours and fees for patients.

  • Government job - There are doctors required in Railways, Public sector, and other government initiatives, like NRHM, that will provide practitioners job satisfaction and security.  

  • Private jobs - Today India boasts of many hospitals that are not only rated highly in India, but have found international acclaim. Be it Fortis, Medanta, or Apollo Hospitals, the international community today is walking up to India’s potential as a medical destination. So it is no surprise that the private sector is booming, and so is the demand for good doctors, including MS. 

  • Further studies - Another option in front of the candidate is to go for super-speciality study, or Master Chirurgiae (M.Ch.). The duration of the course is three years, with degree holders frequently lapped up by super-speciality hospitals. Doctors who have this degree are also among the best paid in the profession.

All about Master of Surgery - Specialisations

MS Specialisations

ENT

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Orthopaedics

General Surgery

Ophthalmology

Otorhinolaryngology

Traumatology & Surgery



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