All about BUMS - Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery also known as B.U.M.S. is an undergraduate medical degree in the field of Unani Medicine and Surgery. The term Unani of BUMS means ‘Greek’ as the term Unani (Perso-Arabic) system was the teaching of Greek Physicians Hippocrates and Galen. BUMS medicine is well known for the four classical humours of Hippocrates - phlegm (balgham), blood (dam), yellow bile (safra) and black bile (sauda). However, the medical system is also influenced by the Indian and Chinese traditions. Unani medicine system was introduced in India by the Arabs and the Persians in the 11th century. BUMS education and training system in India is being authorised by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory body under the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH).
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The medical aspirants desirous to pursue BUMS admission must complete their Class 12 or equivalent exam and fulfil the other specified eligibility criteria. Bachelors of Unani Medicine and Surgery is a five and a half years undergraduate degree, of which 4.5 years will be the academic session and one year of compulsory rotatory internship.
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Through an official notification, in order to promote the BUMS course among the medical students, CCIM permitted around 1,706 BUMS seats across the country. Though candidates must note that the number of annual registrations applying for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test - NEET exam (a national level entrance exam) is close to 13 lakhs.
While it takes an immense dedication, hard as well as smart work in order to crack NEET and to become successful in the profession, as a huge number of aspirants are trying to put themselves in the medical studies to become a Unani Doctor.
The Ministry of AYUSH released an official notification on June 26, 2018, stating that the admission to B.U.M.S. courses shall be compulsorily done on the basis of scores obtained in NEET. The state counselling authorities will release the application forms for the interested candidates for admission to degree course by a stipulated date.
However, the Patna High Court on October 10, 2018, in its order had rejected the order of Ministry of AYUSH which regulated all the states to take BUMS admissions on the basis of NEET scores. The single bench comprising Justice Chakradhari Sharan Singh, stated that aspirants who did not took NEET UG exam can also apply for BUMS admission offered by Government Tibbi College, Patna.
Contradicting the order of Patna High Court by releasing an open letter on November 1, 2018, the Ministry of AYUSH with the approval of Government of India, directed all the State/Union Territories (UTs) governments to admit the eligible students to BUMS undergraduate courses through the merit list of NEET 2019.
Click here to read the letter by Ministry of AYUSH.
NEET entrance exam, conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) from the year 2019 onwards. NEET 2019 will be held on May 5. Besides BUMS, the scores of NEET will also be used for admission to around 93,919 seats (66,771 MBBS and 27,148 BDS) offered in the medical and dental colleges of India.
Until 2018, NEET UG was conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) as a single window entrance exam in pen and paper mode. The exam was generally conducted in the first Sunday of May. On April 28, 2016, through the directives of the Supreme Court of India, AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical Test) was scrapped.
BUMS seats in government colleges are the longed-for through NEET exam. Then comes those courses offered by Deemed Universities such as Jamia Hamdard. The private BUMS colleges like Institute of Asian Medicine Sciences, Srinagar; Z.V.M. Unani Medical College and Hospital, Pune are most sought after colleges.
The admission process of national level undergraduate entrance exam has started with the release of application form, along with the brochure. NEET registration 2019 started on November 1, 2018, and was suppose to close on November 30, which later on was extended till December 7, 2018. Only the registered candidates can download NEET admit card 2019 from April 15, onwards.
Since, the exam is to be conducted on May 5, the test takers can must understand the detailed structure of NEET 2019 exam pattern as mentioned in the table below.
Mode of exam
Pen and paper mode (offline)
Number of questions
Type of questions
Objective type questions
Medium of paper
Hindi, English, Assamese, Bangla, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Oriya and Urdu
Total time allotted
Three hours (02:00 PM to 05:00 PM)
Physics - 45 questions; Chemistry - 45 questions, Biology (Botany + Zoology) - 90 questions
4 marks for every correct answer
-1 mark for each wrong attempt
0 mark for an unanswered question
Based on Class 11 and 12 curriculum
Since, NEET is being considered as the sole entrance examination for admission to Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery, the interested aspirants must essentially fulfill the eligibility criteria of NEET 2019 as specified by the National Testing Agency. Here are some basic eligibility conditions which candidates should meet for admission to BUMS programmes.
BUMS Eligibility Criteria:
Candidates must qualify in Class 12 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English as the core subjects.
The qualifying marks to be obtained in Class 12 must be 50% for general category candidates, while the reserved category aspirants must secure at least 40%
In case of the age, only 17 years old or above aspirants were allowed to register for national entrance examination.
As per the orders of the apex court, aspirants more than 25 years old can also register for NEET for admission to BUMS courses.
Also, there is no specified number of attempt to appear for NEET 2019.
For the admission to BUMS programme, candidates also need to secure the minimum qualifying percentile, specified by the respective authority, i.e. NTA. NEET cutoff 2019 is mentioned in the table below with their categories.
NEET qualifying percentile
NEET cutoff scores (2018)
NEET cutoff scores (2017)
General - PH
SC/ST/OBC - PH
In consonance with Firdous A. Wani, the registrar of Jamia Hamdard University, the five-and-a-half-year BUMS programme includes a year of rotatory internship to assist the medical students to become a practitioner by implementing the lessons they learnt in their classrooms. In the four and a half year of professional academic sessions, the future Unani doctors are taught and trained to be expert in various specializations of Unani, which also includes Anatomy, Physiology, Fundamentals of Unani medicine, Unani Pharmacology, Clinical medicine and diagnostics with Unani and modern methods. B.U.M.S. course curriculum also provides the detailed knowledge and understanding of the subjects like Internal medicine, Disorders of eye and ENT, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics among others.
Along with the professional academic sessions, the future Unani doctors are also trained and groomed to cope with the extra-curricular activities such as interfaculty and intra-university debates, medical quiz and other competitive activities, said Wani
Name of course
Professional - I
Arabic and Mantiq wa Falsafa (Logic Philosophy and Astronomy)
Kulliyat Umoore Tabiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine)
Tashreehul Badan (Anatomy)
Munafeul Aaza (Physiology)
Professional - II
Tareekh-e-tib (History of Medicine)
Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (Preventive and Community Medicine)
Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology)
Professional - III
Ilmul Saidla wa Murakkabat (Unani Pharmacy)
Tibbe Qanooni wa Ilmul Samoom (Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology)
Sareeriyat wa Usoole Ilaj (Bed side clinic and principles of management)
Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regional Therapy)
Moalajat - I (General Medicine)
Moalajat - II
Amraze Niswan (Gynaecology)
Ilmul Qabalat wa Naumalood (Obstetrics and Neonatology)
Ilmul Jarahat (Surgery)
Ain, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa Asnan (Ophthalmology and Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat)
Aforementioned, the government, deemed and private colleges offering BUMS courses will use the scores of NEET UG 2019. All the seats in BUMS participating colleges will be allotted by the respective state counselling authorities. As per the official information from CCIM, a total of 41 colleges have been permitted to grant admissions to BUMS courses, offering as many as 1706 seats across the colleges in India. Here is the list of colleges granting admission to BUMS courses across the country.
Name of the College
Govt. Nizamia Tibbia College, Hyd. (AP)
Abdul Haque Unani Medical College, Kurnool (A.P)
Govt. Tibbia College, Patna (Bihar)
Salfia Unani Medical College, (Darbhanga) Bihar
Nizamia Unani Medical College, Gaya (Bihar)
A&U Tibbia College, Karol Bagh (New Delhi)
Faculty of Medicine (U) Jamia Hamdard,
Institute of Asian Medicine Sciences, (Srinagar) J&K
Kashmir Tibbia College & Hospital, (Srinagar) J&K
Govt. Unani Medical College, Bangalore (Karnataka)
Luqman Unani Medical College, Bijapur
Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College, Gulbarga
HMS Unani Medical College & Hospital, Tumkur
Saifia Hamidia Unani Tibbia College, Burhanpur (M.P.)
Al-Farooque Unani Medical College, (Indore)
HSZH Govt. Unani Medical College, (Bhopal)
Hakim Abdul Hamid Unani Medical College, (Dewas)
MIJ Tibbia Unani Medical College, Mumbai
Mohammadia Tibbia College & Hospital, Malegaon
ZVM Unani Medical College, (Pune) MS
Ahmed Gharib Unani Medical College, (Akkalkuwa)
Iqra Society’s Unani Medical College, Jalgaon, MS
Rajputana Unani Medical College, Jaipur
Rajasthan Unani Medical College, Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Govt. Unani Medical College, (Chennai) Tamil Nadu
State Takmil-ul-Tibb. College, Lucknow (UP)
State Unani Medical College, Himmatganj, Allahabad
Jamia Tibbia Deoband Unani Medical College, (Saharanpur)
Ibne-Sina Tibbia College & Hospital, Azamgarh
Deoband Unani Medical College, (Saharanpur) UP
Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College, (Muzaffarnagar) UP
Aligarh Unani Medical College, ACN Hospital Aligarh
Shame-Ghausia Unani Medical College, Ghazipur
Eram Unani Medical College, (Lucknow) UP
Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, Aligarh (UP)
Calcutta Unani Medical College,
Hakim Rais Unani Medical College, Sambhal, Moradabad (UP)
Total BUMS seats
The fees to be remitted by students to reserve a seat in BUMS course differs from every government and private college. However, one year fees for BUMS colleges is around Rs. 50,000 INR. The fees will be calculated keeping the four and a half years in mind. Meanwhile, aspirants can check the BUMS fees structure of private Unani colleges of Maharashtra for a better idea.
Name of BUMS college
Merit Quota fees
Institutional Quota (including NRIs)
A.G. Unani Medical College, Nandurbar
Iraq Education Society’s Unani College, Jalgaon
Yunus Fazlani Unani Medical College, Aurangabad
After the completion of five and a half year programme, BUMS graduates have the option of pursuing Postgraduation (PG) course.
Considered as a Doctor (Hakim), they may get absorbed as a medical officers in the state and central government hospitals like CGHS, MCD, primary health centres, dispensaries among others.
Also, these doctors can also be appointed as assistant professors or lecturers at government as well as private Unani teaching colleges.
They can become the medical practitioner in their private clinic, polyclinics or nursing homes.
The professionals in the arena can work with the companies dealing with the Unani preparations.
Once becoming the Hakim (Doctor) after completing the B.U.M.S. course, the medical graduates can opt the following job profiles for a bright future.
Private medical practitioner
Public health specialist
For more information on BUMS and other medical courses, stay tuned to www.medicine.careers360.com
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