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Introduction to the Morphology of Flowering Plants - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Sep 18, 2023 18:34 AM | #NEET

Quick Facts

  • 5 Questions around this concept.

Concepts Covered - 2

Introduction to the Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology:

  • Morphology refers to the branch of science that deals with the study and observation of the external features of the organisms.
  • Morphology of flowering plants refers to the externally observable features of the plants. 
  • Plants have been classified according to their morphological features.
  • Therefore, understanding of the morphological features is essential.
  • Angiosperms show a large diversity in their morphology.
  • However, they all are characterized by the presence of root, stem, leaves, flowers and fruits.
  • These organs can also be modified to perform some accessory functions.
  • Hence, morphology deals with not only the external features but also the modifications in the external features.

Angiosperms:

  • Angiosperms are the flowering plants.
  • They constitute a dominant flora of the present times because out of 3,45,000 known species of plants, 2,00,000 species belong to angiosperms.

Plant body of Angiosperms:

  • A typical plant body of an angiosperm is sporophytic (diploid).
  • The plant body can be divided into two systems:

1. Shoot System: It is composed of the stem, the branches, and the leaves. It grows above the soil.
2. Root System: It consists of the roots that grow under the soil. 

Parts of Angiosperms:
The parts of an angiosperm plant can be classified as 
1. Vegetative parts: These form the vegetative plant body. Stem, root, leaves and branches are the vegetative parts.
2. Reproductive parts: These are involved in sexual reproduction. Flowers, fruits and seeds are the reproductive parts.

PARTS OF A TYPICAL ANGIOSPERM PLANT

Introduction to the Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology:

  • Morphology refers to the branch of science that deals with the study and observation of the external features of the organisms.
  • Morphology of flowering plants refers to the externally observable features of the plants. 
  • Plants have been classified according to their morphological features.
  • Therefore, understanding of the morphological features is essential.
  • Angiosperms show a large diversity in their morphology.
  • However, they all are characterized by the presence of root, stem, leaves, flowers and fruits.
  • These organs can also be modified to perform some accessory functions.
  • Hence, morphology deals with not only the external features but also the modifications in the external features.

Angiosperms:

  • Angiosperms are the flowering plants.
  • They constitute a dominant flora of the present times because out of 3,45,000 known species of plants, 2,00,000 species belong to angiosperms.

Plant body of Angiosperms:

  • A typical plant body of an angiosperm is sporophytic (diploid).
  • The plant body can be divided into two systems:

           1. Shoot System: It is composed of the stem, the branches, and the leaves. It grows above the soil.
           2. Root System: It consists of the roots that grow under the soil. 

Parts of Angiosperms:

  • The parts of an angiosperm plant can be classified as 

            1. Vegetative parts: These form the vegetative plant body. Stem, root, leaves and branches are the vegetative parts.
            2. Reproductive parts: These are involved in sexual reproduction. Flowers, fruits and seeds are the reproductive parts.

 

                                     Parts of a typical flowering plant

Study it with Videos

Introduction to the Morphology of Flowering Plants
Introduction to the Morphology of Flowering Plants

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