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Purpose of Biotechnology - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Sep 18, 2023 18:34 AM | #NEET

Quick Facts

  • 2 Questions around this concept.

Concepts Covered - 1

Purpose of Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology essentially deals with industrial-scale production of biopharmaceuticals and biologicals using genetically modified microbes, fungi, plants and animals.
  • The applications of biotechnology include:
    • therapeutics, 
    • diagnostics, 
    • genetically modified crops for agriculture, 
    • processed food, 
    • bioremediation, 
    • waste treatment, and 
    • energy production.
  • Three critical research areas of biotechnology are:
    • Providing the best catalyst in the form of the improved organism is usually a microbe or pure enzyme.
    • Creating optimal conditions through engineering for a catalyst to act, and
    • Downstream processing technologies to purify the protein/organic compound.
  • Plants, bacteria, fungi and animals whose genes have been altered by manipulation are called Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO).

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