Medical Courses after 12th - The healthcare industry aka medical industry or healthcare economy is one of the largest and fastest-growing industry of India. Aspirants choosing Biology as the main subject in Class 11 and 12, starts their rigorous preparation to pursue medical education from the beginning. However, NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS are the most eminent entrance examination for admission to undergraduate medical courses after 12th across the country. Therefore, most of the PCB students more often engage themselves into the groundwork for MBBS and BDS education.
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In spite of that, apart from these predominant courses, there are plenty of medical courses after class 12 which can be pursued by Biology aspirants for an ideal career path. These courses has a vital role in the medical industry and has different professions. Since NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS is being conducted as the national level entrance examination for admission to medical courses after 12 like MBBS, BDS, BHMS, BUMS, BAMS among others. Nevertheless, there are alternative medical courses without NEET, which candidates can opt as their career to become a doctor. Some of these medical courses includes BOT, BSc Biotechnology, Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy and others.
This article consists of an elaborated list of courses after 12 for medical. Below, students can check the number of medical courses which are offered with and without NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER.
Medical Courses after 12th - Eligibility
The basic eligibility conditions must be fulfilled by aspirants for admission to undergraduate medical courses after Class 12. Candidates are eligible to pursue these medical courses if they have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB).
Medical Courses after 12th - offered through entrance exam
1. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - MBBS
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is one of the most prominent graduate degree for becoming a doctor. It is a combination of two professional degrees in medicine and surgery offered by government and private colleges of the country. This is a 5 year duration course with Basic, Pre and Para medical subjects. In the duration of 5 years, students must complete 12 months compulsory rotatory internship.
And since, NEET is the only entrance examination for admission to a total of 66,620 MBBS seats, it becomes the most competitive degree for aspirants. Along with NEET, AIIMS, New Delhi and JIPMER, Puducherry also conducted their own entrance examination for admission to MBBS medical courses after 12.
2. Bachelor of Dental Surgery - BDS
Bachelor of Dental Surgery, aka BDS, is a also 5 years duration with one year compulsory internship course offered through NEET. The BDS education in India in being regulated by Dental Council of India (DCI). As per the official notification, around 25,000 seats have been reserved for BDS aspirants for admission to dental colleges of India.
3. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery - BAMS
BAMS, is a professional medical course after Class 12th focused on Ayurvedic medicine. The degree is awarded after 5 and a half years of study including one year of internship. A BAMS graduate is allowed to provide medical treatment in some states of India after registering at government approved licensing authority.
Career opportunities - The graduate aspirants can either continue general practice or can appear for M.D. Ayurveda. There are also the opportunities to work under the hospital and healthcare administration.
4. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery - BHMS
BHMS is a graduate degree in Homeopathy in India, and it is awarded after the study for duration of 5 and a half years with one year internship. Candidates choosing BHMS as their medical course after 12th, can opt for any specialization namely, Homeopathic Pharmacy, Paediatrics, Psychiatry, Skin specialist among others to treat the patients with Homeopathic knowledge.
Career opportunities - Most of the Homeopathic doctors open up their private clinic or work with the multi-speciality chain of homeopathic clinics.
5. Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery - BUMS
BUMS, is an undergraduate degree programme in the field of Unani Medicine and Surgery. BUMS degree is a 5.5 years duration course containing 4.5 years of academic session and one year of internship. This undergraduate programme can also be pursued through distance education.
Career opportunities - Candidate who got BUMS degree is often called as Hakeem and can do the private practice. A Unani practitioner can look the career as the medical representative or as a doctor in private or government hospitals.
6. Bachelor of Physiotherapy - B.Pth or BPT
B.Pth or BPT is a graduate academic course in a medical science known for Physiotherapy. The duration of course is 4.5 years, of which candidates must complete 6 months of mandatory clinical internship.
Career opportunities - The graduates of BPT are employed in areas such as hospitals, health institutes, fitness centres, private clinics etc. as a physiotherapists.
7. Bachelor of Veterinary Science - B.VSc
B.VSc is a 5 years undergraduate course which provides academic as well as practical knowledge in assisting the veterinary doctors in their laboratory. Veterinary medicine is a branch of science that deals in prevention, diagnosis and prevention of disease, disorder and injury in animals.
Career opportunities - One with B.VSc degree carry forward the profession of being a veterinarian. A candidate can find an employment in government as well as private veterinary hospitals.
8. Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga - BNYS
BNYS is a medical degree graduation in India in the field of integrative medicine, which covers the study of both naturopathic medicine and modern science. The undergraduate degree is of 4 years and 6 months duration with one year of full time internship.
Career opportunities - A person with BNYS degree can practice medicine as a General Practitioner (GP) anywhere in India under different State Medical Councils or can practice as a lecturer in various medical universities.
9. Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery - BSMS
Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery, aka, BSMS is a 5.5 years course in Siddha medicine with a one year internship. Students opting BSMS as medical course after 12th will be eligible to be called as a Doctor. BSMS is governed by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), the apex body working under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of AYUSH.
Career opportunities - Candidates owning a BSMS degree can be considered as a doctor and are eligible to be a lecturer in any Siddha Medical College. Else, they can be employed as a Siddha doctor in government hospitals. Most of the Siddha doctors start their private clinics.
Medical Courses after 12th without NEET
Here are few most recommended medical courses without NEET, which a candidate can opt as a medical career after Class 12.
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Engineering
Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)
Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology
Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy
Bachelor in Psychology
Candidates can click on the link in the sub-head for detailed information on medical courses without NEET.
Students who aspire to enlighten their career in medical courses after 12th can refer the above-mentioned degrees.
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