Different courses in medical field after Class 12
Prabha Dhavala, 15 Feb 2018

Different courses in medical field after Class 12 – When we think of prospective careers in medicine, we tend to only think of doctors. However, there are a wide variety of courses in the medical field apart from the most commonly pursued ones such as MBBS, BDS, nursing and pharmacy. These function as the connecting bridges between doctors and patients. Most of these courses require completing 10+2 in science and can be pursued at most leading medical colleges. An Internship of a minimum of one year is mandatory with all these courses. While NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS may be the culmination of the medical dream for many, the other different courses in medical field after Class 12 can also be looked at by aspirants so that they have a set of ready options in hand. The courses in medical field after Class 12 as listed here are mainly degree courses commonly called as 'allied medical courses'. Lab technicians, radiologists, audiologists and optometrists to name a few are some of the professions that can be pursued through these courses. Many of these are 4 year long courses inclusive of the mandatory  one year internship. Interested candidates can check here the pertinent information about the various options in the medical field after Class 12.


Details of different courses in medical field after Class 12

Name of the profession & Details

Degree & Duration




Optometrists test sight and suggest and fabricate lenses. They perform refractions, detect visual disorders and conduct screening for blindness, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases.

Optometrists act as a link between ophthalmologist and patients. They assist in eye investigations and provide pre- and post-operative eye-care. Hence, optometrists play an important role in eye-care treatment.

B.Sc in Optometry

4 years

10+2 with science background


Amity University,

Elite School of Optometry; University of Hyderabad;

Lotus College of Optometry;

Gujarat University;

Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, Hyderabad;

Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune;

Manipal University, Manipal;

Nagar School of Optometry, Gujarat

Medical Laboratory Technology

B.Sc in MLT

BMLT, DMLT, BVSc, BSc (Plant Science)

4 years

10+2 with science background

CMC Vellore;

College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal;

Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora;

GB Pant University of Agriculture Science & Technology, Pantanagar;

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore;

Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi

Dialysis Therapy Technology

Dialysis Assistants work with the Dialysis Therapy Technologist to plan implementation of the dialysis prescription, perform hemodialysis, manage various intra-dialytic complications and document patient data. The

Dialysis Therapy Technologist works with the Head of Department/ Senior Dialysis Therapy Technologist to supervise the hemodialysis assistants and auxiliary personnel, manage intra-dialytic complications, documents and maintains dialysis patient records


4 years

10+2 with science or equivalent examination with science subject


JIPMER Puducherry;

Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi;

MGMIHS Mumbai;

Manipal University;

AJ Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre Mangalore;

JSS University Mysore;

Jamia Hamdard University Delhi           

Health Information Management

HIM involves maintaining, collecting, analysing protecting and disseminating traditional and digital medical information essential for delivery of quality care

B.Sc Health Information Management

3 year (6 semester) B. Sc. programme with an additional year of clinical training/ internship t

10+2 or equivalent examination with PCB/PCMB from a recognized university or board

Manipal University;

Symbiosis University;

Jamia Hamdard University Delhi;

Chitkara University



Audiology & Speech Language Pathology

B.Sc Audiology,

Bachelor of Audiology & Speech Language Pathology (BASLP)

4 years inclusive of 1 year internship



10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics/Computer Science/Statistics/Electronics/Psychology

Manipal University;

University of Mumbai;


Ali Yavar Jung Institute for the Hearing Handicapped;

Tamil Nadu Medical College; University of Mysore

Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology

Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology is the health profession concerned with the primarily x-rays, in disease diagnosis and injury assessment and treatment

Diagnostic radiographers take the images using range of techniques including: X-rays, Mammography, Fluoroscopy, CT (Computed Tomography), MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), Nuclear medicine, Angiography, Bone density tests, etc.

B.Sc Medical Imaging Technology, BSc Radiography,


4 years inclusive of internship


10+2 with  Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology and English

AIIMS, New Delhi;

CMC, Vellore;

PGI Chandigarh;

Apollo Institute of Hospital Management & Allied Health Sciences; Manipal University

Operation Theatre Technology

An operation theatre (OT) technologist forms an intrinsic part of any hospital. To become a trained professional one must undertake operation theatre technology course. An OT professional is the one, who facilitates the surgical procedures, planned and emergency both, by preparing in advance the equipment that are necessary for any surgical procedures.



10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics

Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences,

Jamia Hamdard University

Many other universities and leading hospital chains offer the course.


Prevention, health promotion, treatment/intervention and rehabilitation


4 years (inclusive of internship)


10+2 from science background

Most leading medical colleges.

Eg. Institute for Physically Handicapped, New Delhi;

PGMIR, Chandigarh;

Government Medical College, Nagpur;

KEM Hospital, Mumbai;

NIRTAR, Orissa

Radiotherapy Technology

Radiotherapy Technologists also known as therapy radiographers or radiotherapy technicians in India are important allied healthcare professionals in the fight against cancer.


4 years (inclusive of internship)


10+2 from a science background


Shri Krishna Hospital & Research Centre;

Pt. B.D. Sharma P G Institute of Medical Sciences;

Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences(SKIMS);

Kasturba Medical College , Manipal;

Bangalore Institute of Oncology

Nutrition & Dietetics

B.Sc Nutrition & Dietetics, BSc Home Science

3 years

10+2 with science background

Sharda University;

SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai;

National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad;

J.D. Birla Institute of Home Science;

All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health

While the above courses are the more sought after, an indicative list of Allied and Healthcare Professionals as listed by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) can also be seen below:

  1. Advance Care Paramedic

  2. Anaesthesia Assistants and Technologist

  3. Anatomy (Non-clinical)

  4. Assistant Behaviour Analyst

  5. Behaviour Analyst

  6. Biochemistry

  7. Biomedical Engineer

  8. Biotechnologist

  9. Burn Care Technologist

  10. Cardiovascular Technologist

  11. Cell Geneticist

  12. Clinical Coder

  13. Clinical Social Worker (other than Counsellors)

  14. Critical Care or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Technologist

  15. Cytogenetics

  16. Cytotechnologist

  17. Diagnostic Medical Radiographer

  18. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

  19. Dialysis Therapy Technologist

  20. Dietician including Clinical Dietician, Food Service Dietician

  21. Ecologist

  22. Electrocardiogram (ECG) Technologist or Echocardiogram (ECHO) Technologist

  23. Electroencephalogram (EEG) or Electroneurodiagnostic (END) or Electromyography (EMG) Technologist or Neuro Lab Technologist

  24. Emergency Medical Technologist (Paramedic) or Emergency Medical Technician - Basic

  25. Endoscopy and Laparoscopy Technologist

  26. Environment Protection Officer

  27. Forensic Science Technologist

  28. Health Educator including Disease Counsellors, Diabetes Educators, Lactation Consultants

  29. Health Information Management Assistant, Medical Secretary, Transcription (Including Medical Record Technician or Medical Records Analyst)

  30. Health Information Management Technologist

  31. Hemato-technologist

  32. Histo-technologist

  33. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Counsellors or Family Planning Counsellors

  34. Integrated Behavioural Health Counsellors

  35. Medical Equipment Technologist

  36. Medical Laboratory Technologist

  37. Mental Health Support Workers

  38. Microbiologist (non-clinical)

  39. Molecular Biologist (non-clinical)

  40. Molecular Geneticist

  41. Movement Therapist including Art, Dance and Movement Therapist or Recreational Therapist

  42. Nuclear Medicine Technologist

  43. Nutritionist including Public Health Nutritionist, Sports Nutritionist

  44. Occupational Health and Safety Officer

  45. Occupational Therapist

  46. Operation Theatre (OT) Technologist

  47. Ophthalmic Assistant

  48. Optometrist

  49. Perfusionist

  50. Physician Associate and Assistant

  51. Physiology (Non-clinical)

  52. Physiotherapist including Geriatric Physical Therapist, Orthopaedic Physical Therapist, Pediatric Physical Therapist

  53. Podiatrist

  54. Psychology (Non-Clinical)

  55. Radiology and Imaging Technologist or Assistants (Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Mamographer)

  56. Radiotherapy Technologist

  57. Respiratory Technologist

  58. Sleep Lab Technologist

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