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Top Government Medical Colleges in India 2024

India has several top government medical colleges known for their excellent academic standards and medical education. These institutions offer Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS) and Diploma courses. Admission to undergraduate medical courses is offered through the NEET UG examination whereas admission to postgraduate medical courses is offered through the NEET PG exam. 

As per the data available, there are over 300 government medical colleges in India offering MBBS degrees. Candidates seeking information on top government medical colleges in India can check the information about eligibility criteria, admission process and others below.

Government medical colleges in India: Highlights 

Particulars 

Details 

Full form of MBBS 

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Duration of MBBS 

5 years 6 months 

Full form of MD

Doctor of Medicine

Full form of MS

Master of Surgery

Duration of MD/MS

3 years 

Total government medical colleges in India offering MBBS course

Over 300 

Entrance exam accepted by government medical colleges across India for MBBS course

NEET UG 

Entrance exam accepted by government medical colleges across India for MD/MS course

NEET PG 

Top government medical colleges in India: Eligibility criteria

The eligibility criteria to get admission to undergraduate and postgraduate government medical colleges in India are at par with the eligibility criteria of NEET UG and NEET PG examinations respectively. Eligibility criteria for both can be checked below. 

NEET UG

To secure admission in top government medical colleges across India in MBBS courses, aspirants are required to meet the NEET eligibility criteria outlined by the National Testing Agency (NTA). The eligibility criteria for the NEET UG exam are mentioned below. 

  • Indian citizens, Overseas Citizens of India (OCI), and foreign nationals are eligible to appear in the exam.

  • The qualifying criteria include obtaining a minimum NEET cutoff percentile, with 50% for General category, 40% for SC/ST/OBC category and 45% for the PwD category. 

  • Candidates must be at least 17 years old by December 31 of the admission year. 

  • Aspirants should have completed or be in the process of completing their 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology and English as core subjects.  

NEET PG 

To secure admission in top government medical institutes across India in MD and MS courses, candidates are required to fulfil NEET PG eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria for NEET PG is mentioned below. 

  • Candidates should hold an MBBS degree or a Provisional MBBS pass certificate recognized under the Indian Medical Council Act 1956. 

  • Candidates are required to possess registration for MBBS qualification (permanent/ provisional) issued by Medical Council of India (MCI) or State Medical Council (SMC). 

  • Candidates must successfully complete a one-year internship within the stipulated time period.  

Top government medical colleges in India: Admission process 

Admission to MBBS courses offered by the government medical colleges in India are done through NEET UG scores. On the other hand, admissions to postgraduate medical courses in government medical colleges across India are granted through NEET PG scores. Check the detailed admission process below. 

NEET UG admission process 

  • NEET UG qualified candidates are eligible to participate in the counselling process.  

  • NEET counselling is conducted by the Medical Counselling Committee for 15% All India Quota seats and 85% state quota seats are allotted by the State counselling.  

  • For every round of NEET UG counselling, candidates need to register at mcc.nic.in and fill choices of colleges and courses. 

  • The authority releases seat allotment results mentioning allotted institute, course, and other details. 

  • Candidates who are granted seats in the NEET counselling are required to report at the allotted institute within the stipulated dates. 

NEET PG admission process 

  • NEET PG qualified candidates are eligible to participate in the counselling process which is conducted by MCC. 

  • NEET PG counselling is conducted for 50% All India Quota seats and 100% seats in deemed and central universities and ESIC institutes. 

  • Candidates need to register and fill their preferences at MCC’s official website: mcc.nic.in. 

  • The seat allotment result is published online in PDF format. 

  • Candidates who receive seats through NEET PG counselling process must adhere to the specified dates and report to the allocated institute. 

Top 10 government medical colleges in India

In the table below, mentioned are the top government medical colleges in India offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the medical field. 

List of top government medical colleges in India: MBBS, MD, MS

Name of the college

NIRF ranking 

Fee 

All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi 

1

MBBS- Rs 6,865

MD/MS- Rs 5,732 

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh  

2

MS- Rs 12.41 K

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore

4

MD- Rs 1,82,000

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry 

5

MD/MS- Rs 43,580

Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 

7

MD- Rs 1,13,000

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 

8

-

Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute For Medical Sciences And Technology, Trivandrum

10

MD- Rs 2,08,000

Madras Medical College, Chennai 

11

MBBS- Rs 87,230

King George’s Medical University, Lucknow

12

MBBS- Rs 1,88,000

MD- Rs 1,44,000 - Rs 33,99,000

MS- Rs 1,44,000

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur 

13

MBBS- Rs 13.72 K

MD- Rs 5.73K

Entrance exam for admission to top government medical colleges in India 

To secure a seat in undergraduate or postgraduate medical courses in India, candidates have to appear for the competitive examination held annually. The information below provides a brief detail of entrance exams accepted for admission to top government medical colleges in India.  

For undergraduate medical courses

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Undergraduate (NEET UG) is a highly competitive entrance examination in India conducted by the NTA. NEET UG assesses a candidate's knowledge in such subjects as Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology). As per the NEET exam pattern, candidates need to answer a total of 180 questions out of 200. Qualified candidates are required to participate in the counselling process to secure a seat in the top government medical colleges in India. 

For postgraduate medical courses 

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for postgraduate (NEET PG) is a national level examination in India conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE). It serves as a gateway to postgraduate medical education, including MD/MS/ Diploma courses. NEET PG syllabus covers subjects such as Pre-clinical, Para-clinical and Clinical Medicine. Exam is conducted in computer-based mode and successful performance is crucial for securing admission to various government medical colleges across the country. 

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) 

Question: Which exam is conducted to grant admission to top government medical colleges in India in MBBS courses?

Answer: NEET UG is conducted to grant admission to undergraduate courses in top government medical colleges in India 

Question: What is the full form of NEET?

Answer: NEET stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test. 

Question: what examination is administered for admission to MD/MS courses in top government medical colleges in India?

Answer: NEET PG is conducted for admission to postgraduate medical courses in top government medical colleges in India. 

Question: Who conducts NEET UG?

Answer: The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts NEET UG. 

Question: What is the full form of NEET PG?

Answer: NEET PG stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate. 

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AIIMS Delhi - All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi

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PGIMER Chandigarh - Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh

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NIMHANS Bangalore - National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Bangalore

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Top Institutes Accepting Applications

JIPMER Puducherry - Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Puducherry

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SGPGIMS Lucknow - Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

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BHU Varanasi - Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

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SCTIMST Trivandrum - Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology Trivandrum

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MMC Chennai - Madras Medical College, Chennai

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KGMU Lucknow - King George's Medical University, Lucknow

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AIIMS Jodhpur - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Jodhpur

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AIIMS Bhubaneswar - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhubaneswar

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AIIMS Rishikesh - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Rishikesh

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AIIMS Patna - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna

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AMU Aligarh - Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

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LHMC Delhi - Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women, New Delhi

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GMCH Chandigarh - Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh

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UCMS Delhi - University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi

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AIIMS Bhopal - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal

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AIIMS Raipur - All India Institute of Medical Sciences Raipur

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The Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad

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Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

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Medical College, Kolkata

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SMS Medical College Jaipur - Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur

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PGIMS Rohtak - Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak

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BJMC Ahmedabad - B J Medical College, Ahmedabad

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