Updated on Nov 26, 2019 - 10:31 a.m. IST by Sahiba.Sharma
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MBBS vs MD – Candidates aspiring to pursue their studies in the field of medicine must know the difference between Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Doctor of Medicine (MD). When we begin to understand these from the basics it is important for us to know what these terms actually mean. MBBS is an undergraduate course which is pursued by candidates who wish to make their career in the field of medicine. Whereas, MD is a postgraduate course that can be pursued by candidates who have completed their MBBS. The concept of MBBS vs MD is wide and requires complete understanding of its complex details.
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In order to get admission to all the government, deemed and central universities/institute and private medical colleges candidates are required to qualify National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The admission process for post graduate medical and dental seats is a bit more complex and is explained below. In this article on MBBS vs MD, candidate’s are provided with all the details of course fees, syllabus, duration, etc. of both the courses.

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MBBS vs MD Admission in India

In India, medical aspirants are offered with MBBS course in around 500 medical colleges. Admission to this course was earlier through NEET and to AIIMS and JIPMER were through the latter's own examinations. From the year 2020, medical entrance examination for all medical colleges, including the two mentioned earlier, will be NEET. In the country, every year, around 65,000 students take admission to the MBBS courses. The duration of MBBS course was earlier five and a half years which has now been reduced to four years and two months. During this duration it is mandatory for candidates to complete 12 months rotatory internship.

While understanding the post graduate degree courses, it is essential for candidates to know that MD and MS (Master of Surgery) are the most sought after in this category. These courses are offered to candidates only when they complete their MBBS course successfully and are degree holders for the same. Admission to MD course is done on the basis of NEET PG. National Board of Examinations (NBE) conducts NEET PG. In India, MD programme is taught for a duration of 3 years, where medicos are required to choose one of the following specializations that they wish to pursue.

M D (Doctor of Medicine) - Specialities

1. Anaesthesiology

2. Anatomy

3. BiochemistryUG PG

4. Biophysics

5. Community Medicine

6. Dermatology and Venereology

7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

8. Laboratory Medicine

9. Medicine

10. Microbiology

11. Nuclear Medicine

12. Obstetrics & Gynaecology

13. Ophthalmology

14. Pathology

15. Pediatrics

16. Pharmacology

17. Physiology

18. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR)

19. Psychiatry

20. Radio-Diagnosis

21. Radiotherapy

M S (Master of Surgery) - Specialities

1. Surgery

2. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)

3. Orthopaedics

MBBS vs MD - Course Fees

Earlier there were different state-level exams for which students had to appear in order to get entrance in medical and dental colleges. However, with NEET getting introduced at UG and PG level, stress of candidates has reduced to a significant level. Now, the government has merged AIIMS and JIPMER UG entrance examinations with NEET. So now NEET has become the only UG level medical entrance examination. This has also made it mandatory for government as well as private colleges to disclose their fee for the courses. The aforementioned step enables candidates to have a clarity of every details pertaining to their admissions.

Candidates must note that when definitions for MBBS vs MD are given, then it may vary in other countries. The definition of MD that we mentioned above is on the basis of what we mean it in India. For instance, the doctors in US are awarded MD or DO degree and not MBBS degree. Also, to pursue this degree course they are require to first complete university level pre-medical courses followed by qualifying MCAT.

In USA, the MD/DO is a four-year program divided into two parts: pre-clinical and clinical. The pre-clinical courses consist of courses in basic sciences and the clinical courses consist of clinical rotation. There is a residency programme after the MD course after which a candidate is eligible to practice medicine in the USA. The residency programmes for different specialties are different. It can range from 3 years for internal medicine and pediatrics to 5 years in general surgery. The residency programme for neurosurgery is 7 years.

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Questions related to NEET

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if i score 450 approx in neet will i get any mbbs college in uttar pradesh?any private(direct admission )? or deemed? if yess please tell me the college name along with predictable fee structure?

Manisha 22nd Feb, 2020

Hello Medical aspirant

450 score will not be qualifying score for  neet 2020  in Up. But you may get seat in private colleges for MBBS seat with score of about 450

Cut off for different college will differ depending on how many students have applied in these colleges, overall cut off, exam difficulty level etc

However I am enlisting names of private Medical college in UP


• Santosh medical college in Ghaziabad

, fees -10, 800,000

• Subhari Medical college in Meerut

• Muzaffarnagar medical college, Muzaffarnagar

• Rohikhand Medical college, Barelly

fees - 4, 308,500

Eras Medical college, Lucknow

Fees - 7, 570,, 000

• Shri Ram murti smarak institute of medical science Barelly , fees -5,448,000


what will be the expected cut off for obc candidates through neet to get into KMC, manipal

thakre thakre 22nd Feb, 2020
OBC candidates are required to obtain at least 40 percentile in NEET 2020 to be considered for AIQ(All India cut off) and state counselling process in KMC manipal

ask questions related to Neet 11th class

Srijika Bhattacharyya 22nd Feb, 2020
I have not exactly understood your question. However if your question is about the chapters and chapterwise weight age for neet ug 2020 exam you can check the link below. This link gives the chapter wise weight age of the various chapters of 11th and 12th
Please check the link and ask us if you have any other queries.
Hope this helps.
All the best

im a ward of Central Govt staff trasfered to Kerala, I studied X and X11 in Andhra and my parents are native of Tamilnadu , can I apply for NEET councelling on 85% state quota on all the three state

Manisha 22nd Feb, 2020

Hello medical aspirant

state level counselling for 85% seats will be organized separately by the respective state authorities . Candidates appearing for NEET 2020 and clearing NEET cut off required by the RESPECTIVE COLLEGES can apply for admission in that college through counselling.

But as you have mentioned about three states, these all three states are open states where students from other states can also do counselling and get  MBBS seat.

you can participate in counselling 2020 of three states ie Kerala, Andhrapradesh and Tamil Nadu.

But conditions are applied for different states which are as follows

(1)  Kerala - If you will appear for neet from Kerala or you have domicile of Kerala then expected cut off for  general category is  447+ , for obc is 366+

cut off will be higher for non domicile students ie 493+

(2) Andhra Pradesh - it is also open state where other state students can apply.

for non domicile students fees will be higher ie 13 lakh per annum and cut off  287+

(3) Tamil Nadu -  for non domicile students fees  willb higher ie 10 lakh per annum and cut off 300+


what is the cutoff marks for neet bams in govt ts colleges for category OBC(NCL).

Srijika Bhattacharyya 22nd Feb, 2020
The cutoff for general category requires around 400 marks for government college and 360 marks for semi-government college.
Hope this helps
All the best
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