MBBS Syllabus
Team Careers, 08 Dec 2018, #NEET
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MBBS Syllabus - Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery also known as MBBS are two professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded by the medical institutes/universities. The MBBS syllabus starts with the basics Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects which includes biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pathology and pharmacology. Along with the theoretical knowledge in MBBS syllabus, undergraduate aspirants also obtain hand-on training in the hospitals and out-patients departments.

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Candidates must note that the MBBS syllabus has been prescribed by Medical Council of India (MCI) under which they have to complete the study period of five and a half years including one year of rotatory internship. The four and a half years of MBBS syllabus has been divided into nine semesters (6 months each). Each semester will consists of 120 teaching days approximately.

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As per the recent reports, MCI is all set to overhaul the syllabus of MBBS after 21 years. The new MBBS syllabus will focus on skill-based and hands-on training. It was expected to be released in the month of September 2018. Also, the syllabus of undergraduate courses will include more of MCQs. Read more details below.

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MBBS Syllabus

The period of four and a half years are divided into three phases, which is as follows:

Phases of MBBS Syllabus




Phase I

2 semesters

Pre-Clinical Subjects

Phase II

3 semesters

Para-clinical and Clinical subjects

Phase III

4 semesters

Continuation of study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

How to get admission in MBBS course?

For admission to undergraduate medical courses, the aspirants need to appear for UG entrance exams. There are only three MBBS entrance exams - NEET, AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS. As per the orders of the Supreme Court of India, NEET is only entrance examination conducted for admission to around 90,000 MBBS and BDS seats offered by all government and private colleges across India. However, due to the institute of national importance AIIMS, New Delhi and JIPMER, Puducherry conducts their own entrance examination.

Division of MBBS Syllabus

As mentioned above, the MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases, during the following subjects are introduced:

Subjects covered in MBBS syllabus



Subjects covered


1-2: two semesters

Anatomy, Bio-chemistry, Physiology


3-5: three semesters

Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs to begin here;


6-9: four semesters

Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics

Surgery and allied subjects (Anaesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics);

Clinical postings

MBBS Syllabus - Division of subjects covered

A detailed syllabus of the different sections under the three phases of MBBS syllabus is provided below.

Division of subjects






Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy


Biological cell, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, their regulation and metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers


General Physiology, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga


Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Forensic Medicine, Toxicology


Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation and disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites


General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical


General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous



Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor

Community Medicine

Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling

Dermatology and Venereology

Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multi-forme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoisis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies


Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances


Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis


Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture


Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray


Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastro Intestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary system, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics


Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD


Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology

MBBS Syllabus - 12 months rotatory internship

It is important for aspirants to complete one year rotatory internship. During this internship session, emphasis will be laid on hands-on experience. The concern departments will be encouraged to develop a diary/log book which gives details of tasks and cases to be seen by the interns. The details of posting are as follows:





1.5 months


1.5 months


3 months


1 month

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

1 month


1 month


15 days


15 days


2 months


12 months

Renewal of MBBS Syllabus

India’s medical education curriculum is getting a makeover after 21 years with the MCI, revising the syllabus of Bachelor’s degree of medicine. Below mentioned are some of the major changes:

  1. This new syllabus of MBBS will more focus on skill-based and hands-on training.

  2. Information on new chapters has been included and all the irrelevant chapters which are not needed in the general practice are not required.

  3. There will be more MCQs and no more subjective type questions.

  4. Teaching will be divided into three parts: practical teachings, community based and classroom teachings.

MBBS Syllabus - FAQs

To break the chaos, candidates can check the important frequently asked questions (FAQs) provided below.

Question: How many sections are covered in how many sections?

Answer: The syllabus of MBBS is covered into three phases - Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects.

Question: How many topics are covered under Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects?

Answer: The following are the topics covered in Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects:

  • Pre-Clinical subjects: Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology

  • Para-Clinical subjects: Community Medicine (Forensic Medicine), Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings in wards, OPDs to begin here

  • Clinical subjects: Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects, Anaesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics and Clinical postings

Question: What is the duration of MBBS course?

Answer: Candidates appearing for MBBS must complete five and a half year of theoretical as well as practical knowledge. Along with that, aspirants are also required to complete one year of compulsory internship on a rotatory basis.

Question: How important is the MBBS syllabus for preparing for NEET PG, AIIMS PG, JIPMER PG and PGIMER?

Answer: The questions asked in PG entrance examination is based on the syllabus of MBBS, thus it is mandatory for candidates to learn the fundamentals and concepts of MBBS curriculum.

Question: Is it true that MBBS syllabus will be renewed from next year?

Answer: The Medical Council of India (MCI) is all set to renew the syllabus of MBBS from 2019 academic session. As per the latest report, the new syllabus was expected to be released in the month of September 2018.

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