Medical Degrees
Updated on Nov 27, 2019 - 2:53 p.m. IST by Radhika
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Medical Degrees – Practice medicine is considered as one of the noble professions and thus a medical degree is beheld with great pride. A medical degree is awarded for studies in the fields associated with medicine and (or) surgery. A career in the discipline of medicine begins right after Class 12 (Primary Medical Qualification) or after the completion of their undergraduate course (Higher Medical Degrees). Medicine is a vast field which offers numerous rewarding opportunities which includes various medical degrees. It is often confusing for medical aspirants without clear information on the different degrees which are offered at different levels. There are undergraduate degrees and several postgraduate degrees which are offered for MD or MS specializations. Meanwhile, there are other medical degrees which can be opted as a career by aspirants.
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This article by Careers360 provides a complete list of medical degrees which can be obtained by medical students. This will help them to know the wide range of career options along with the opportunities.

Medical Degrees in India - Undergraduate (Primary)

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the most predominant and competitive course in India, offering a total of 76,928 seats across India, as per the latest data on the MCI website. Around 15 lakh registrations are received annually for admission to these seats. Starting from the year 2020, NEET will serve as the only exam which will be conducted for admission undergraduate medical courses in India. Since, the competition is so tough, qualifying and securing a medical seat is not always possible. Many candidates, still ambitious to pursue a medical career, prepare for the next year. Such candidates can check the list of other UG medical courses after 12th as their career option. We have divided the medical courses into the following categories:

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Medical degrees in India - Undergraduate

  • MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

  • BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery

  • BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

  • BUMS – Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery

  • BHMS – Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery

  • BYNS- Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences

  • B.V.Sc & AH- Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry

Medical courses without NEET

There are numerous medical courses which are offered without NEET. The list of such medical degrees is mentioned below.

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology

  • Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering

  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)

  • Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology

  • Bachelor of Perfusion Technology or Bachelor of Science in Cardio-Pulmonary Perfusion Technology

  • Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy

  • Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics

  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics

Postgraduate Medical Degrees in India

It is not uncommon for medical students to aim for a masters degree after the completion of 5 and a half years of a medical degree. When it comes to higher studies in the discipline of medicine, MD/MS emerges as the most prefered courses. Around 30,865 seats across India are offered for admission to MD and MS medical degrees. Admission to this PG courses will be granted on the basis of scores obtained in NEET PG, JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG and PGIMER entrance examination.

These are the postgraduate medical degrees that a candidate studies specialization in certain areas. Once awarded with one of the Master's medical degree, MBBS doctors can work as a Physician or Doctors in Clinical Care, Education or Research. Once appeared and qualified in any postgraduate medical entrance examination, aspirants can pursue the following postgraduate medical courses from any institute across India.

  • Doctor of Medicine (MD)

  • Masters of Surgery (MS)

  • Diplomate of National Board (DNB)

Under these three postgraduate medical degrees, aspirants need to choose a specialization in any of the following speciality courses:

Specialities in PG medical degrees

MD Specialty

MS Specialty

DNB Specialty


Ear, Nose and Throat



General Surgery


Community Health






Family Medicine

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Emergency Medicine

Forensic Medicine

Dermatology, Venerology and Leprosy

Family Medicine

General Medicine

Field Epidemiology


Forensic Medicine


General Medicine

Palliative Medicine

General Surgery


Health Administration


Immunohematology and transfusion medicine

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Maternal and Child Health



Preventive and Social Medicine

Nuclear Medicine


Obstetric and Gynecology




Orthopaedic Surgery

Tuberculosis and Respiratory diseases

Oto-Rhino Laryngology

Emergency and Critical care


Nuclear Medicine


Transfusion Medicine


Skin and Vereral diseases

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Tropical Medicine





Respiratory diseases

Rural Surgery

Social and Preventive Medicine

Following is the brief introduction of postgraduate medical degrees, in which an MBBS aspirant can specialize in.

Eligibility Criteria

In order to be eligible for these national level entrance examination, aspirants must possess:

  • MBBS degree or MBBS provisional pass certificate offered by the concerned University/college

  • Completed or likely to complete 12 months rotatory internship

  • Provisional or permanent registration certificate issued by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or State Medical Council (SMC)

Doctor of Medicine (MD)

MD occurred to form the Latin word Medicinae Doctor, is a medical degree which denotes as a first professional graduate degree awarded after the initial graduation from the medical school/institute/university/college.

After the years of study and completion of the examination, in a pre-clinical or clinical subject of a non-surgical nature, the candidates receive an MD degree. The speciality subjects which candidates can choose for specialization is mentioned in the table above.

Most recommended branches under Doctor of Medicine (MD) medical degree

General Medicine – Internal Medicine commonly known as General Medicine is a speciality in the medical field dealing with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine is also known as Internists or Physicians. These Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have multi-system disease process. The internists or physicians care for the hospitalized and ambulatory patients and also plays an important role in teaching and research.

Anatomy – Anatomy is a branch of medical science which deals with the study of the structure of living beings along with the entire system, organs and tissues. The discipline of anatomy is divided into microscopic anatomy and macroscopic anatomy. Macroscopic anatomy or Gross Anatomy is the examination of an animal’s body parts using unaided eyesight, while the Microscopic anatomy involves the use of instruments in the study of tissues and various structures and also the study of cells.

Paediatrics – Paediatrics also spelt as Pediatrics is the branch of medicine the involves the medical care of infants, children and adolescents. A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as pediatrician or paediatrician. Paediatricians work either in hospitals, particularly those in its sub-specialities such as neonatology or works as primary care physicians. The word Pediatrics means ‘healer of children’ which is derived from the Greek word pais (child) iatros (doctor, healer).

Master of Surgery (MS)

The Masters of Surgery (Latin name Magister Chirurgiae) is an advanced qualification in surgery. The qualification was designed to be awarded as a higher degree to the Bachelor of Surgery degree.

In a clinical subject of a surgical nature, a candidate receives the equivalent medical degree of MS. The specializations under the Masters of Surgery degree are mentioned in the table above.

Most recommended branches under Masters of Surgery (MS) medical degree

General Surgery – The General Surgery is a surgical speciality that focuses on abdominal contents including the stomach, colon, liver, pancreas, gall bladder, appendix and bile ducts. They also deal with the treatment of breasts, skin, soft tissue, trauma, peripheral vascular surgery and hernias and perform an endoscopic procedure such as gastroscopy and colonoscopy.

Orthopaedics – Orthopedic Surgery, also known as, Orthopedics is the branch of surgery dealing with the conditions involving in the human musculoskeletal system. A person specialized in this arena is known as Orthopedic Surgeon. The surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine disease, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours and congenital disorders.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology – Obstetrics and Gynecology is a medical speciality the compasses two sub-specialities – Obstetrics, which deals in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period and gynaecology dealing with the health of female reproductive systems such as vagina, uterus, breasts and ovaries. Postgraduate training programmes of bothy the specialities are usually combined, preparing the practitioner of obstetrician-gynaecologists to adept both at the care of the female reproductive system and the management of pregnancy.

Diplomate of National Board (DNB)

A second alternative qualification termed DNB (Diplomate of National Board) is considered equivalent to the MD and MS degrees. To pursue DNB courses, aspirants need to appear for the entrance examination conducted by National Board of Examinations (NBE). Diplomate of National Board Post Diploma Centralised Entrance Test (DNB PDCET) is conducted by NBE for the award of Diplomate of National Board in 14 broad specialities. The duration of the course is 3 years of post-MBBS residency training in teaching hospitals recognised by the board. These post-MBBS residency programmes are available in the above-mentioned specialities. The holders of DNB are eligible to be considered for specialist’s post/faculty in any hospital including a training/teaching institution or a teaching post as a faculty member.

Super Specialty Medical Degree in India

After completion of a postgraduate medical degree in one specialization, a doctor will be considered as a specialist. Super Specialty medical degree is the degree awarded to the postgraduate medical specialists after completing 3 years of specialization in an opted speciality. Only candidates who have completed their postgraduate medical degree (MD/MS/DNB) will be considered eligible for admission to pursue Super speciality degree, provided they must qualify the entrance examination such as NEET SS, AIIMS DM/M.Ch, JIPMER DM/M.Ch/Fellowship, among others.

  • Super Specialty degree in medicine is also known as D.M.

  • Super Specialty degree in surgery is also known as M.Ch

The most recommended post-doctoral courses available in the following super specialities (DM and M.Ch) are mentioned below.

Specialties in Post-Doctoral medical degrees






Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery


Gastrointestinal Surgery


Obstetrics and Gynaecology



Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care

Neuro Surgery


Pediatric Surgery


Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Medicine and Microbiology

Surgical Oncology


Surgery Trauma Centre



Neuro-Anaesthesiology and Critical Care


Onco-Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine


Pulmonary and Sleep disorders

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Nuclear Medicine


Candidates can check the brief introduction to the super-speciality medical degrees which are most recommended by postgraduate medical aspirants.

Eligibility Criteria

In order to be considered for admission to super speciality courses, aspirants need to fulfil certain eligibility criteria, which includes:

  • Candidates must possess a recognized postgraduate degree (MD/MS/DNB) or provisional pass certificate by the college/university

  • MCI or SMC registrations is mandatory and its documentary proof should be furnished

Endocrinology – Endocrinology comprised from endocrine, is a branch of Biology and Medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases and its specific secretions known as hormones. The medical speciality of endocrinology involves the diagnostic evaluation of a wide variety of symptoms and variations. This super speciality includes caring for the person as well as the disease. Most endocrine disorders are chronic ones which need longtime care. Some of the most common as diabetes, metabolic syndrome etc.

Urology – Genitourinary surgery also known as Urology, is branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive system. Urologists undergo a postgraduate surgical training period of five years with 12 months rotatory internship and 36 months should be completed in Clinical Urology.

Neurosurgery – Neurological Surgery is the medical speciality concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any part of the nervous systems including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.

In conclusion, candidates can opt for many other options in the field of medicine. Only the dedication and right decision is what required the most.

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i have given code 2 in my neet qualifying examination code.i hvae passed my 10 from icse board and my 12 from Karnataka puc my code 3 and i have already edited my neet form so if its wrong i cant change it so will it be a problem for me during counselling under state quota in Karnataka.

Priyaanka Sarkar Student Expert 28th Jan, 2020

Your code will be 03 because you completed your PUC from Karnataka. Code 03 says: The Intermediate/Pre-degree Examination in Science of an Indian University/Board or other recognised examining body with Physics, Chemistry, Biology /Biotechnology (which shall include practical test in these subjects) and also English as a compulsory subject.

But if you have already utilised the correction window once, you cannot use it again. While this will not cause any issues during the State Counselling, please write to NEET helpdesk at their official email id:


I opted for EWS category in neet application form but my ews certificate will be made in march. So will i be eligible for ews catagory? plzz answer!!

Priyaanka Sarkar Student Expert 28th Jan, 2020

Rishabh, NTA clearly mentions that what you enter in the Application form is completely in your jurisdiction and NTA will neither entertain nor make any corrections in the application form at any cost.  Which means that by any chance if your EWS certificate doesn't come through you will not be considered under General Category. You will be still considered as a Candidate belonging to EWS Category. And if you fail to submit the relevant document during document verification your admission might stand cancelled. Having said this, as you said that your EWS certificate might come in March and the exam is due in June, you still have time to get the certificate done. You will need the certificate atleast by the time of counselling and document verification.


Hello Sir / Madam Im a neet aspirant for 2020 . My category is OBC and (PwD) 40 percentile (visual disability.) How much Marks should I score to get into MBBS/BDS in a preferably good medical college? Regards

Priyaanka Sarkar Student Expert 28th Jan, 2020

Cut offs change every year depending on various factors such as no.of Candidates appearing for the exam, no.of Candidates qualified, top NEET score and difficulty of the exam. Now the cut offs are different for All India Counselling and State Counsellings. States like Delhi, Jharkhand, Tamilnadu and Biihar have relatively higher cut offs than States like Meghalaya, Assam, Karnataka, etc. But in general if you are opting for All India Counselling, you will need atleast 550-575 for a seat in a decent College even in mop up round. Under State Counselling, you will need nothing less than 525-550. This again depends on the State you belong to.


please suggest what should i do now as did my signature in my neet application form with blue pen instead of black ink pen.

Pooja Kaushik 28th Jan, 2020
Hi Arsh,
If there is any problem regarding your signature , you will immediately be notified by NTA through a mail.
So if you have not received a mail,it is not at all a problem but in case of you have received any mail regrading this then re upload your signature with black pen.

Hope it helps
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