Medical education is the knowledge related to the practice of being a medical practitioner. The medical education is one of the most sought-after fields in India and more than 13 lakh aspirants every year prepares for admission to become a doctor. In order to pursue medical education in India, aspirants need to appear for entrance exams. However, the most predominant 9 medical entrance exams namely NEET, AIIMS MBBS, JIPMER MBBS, NEET PG, NEET MDS, AIIMS PG, JIPMER PG, PGIMER and FMGE are conducted for undergraduate and postgraduate courses. As per the Indian Medical Council Act-1956 and Dentist Act-1948, NEET, NEET PG and NEET MDS are the entrance examinations that are conducted for admission to medical and dental courses across India. Being the Institute of National Importance, AIIMS, New Delhi, JIPMER, Puducherry, PGIMER Chandigarh can conduct their own entrance examination (AIIMS MBBS, AIIMS PG, JIPMER MBBS, JIPMER PG and PGIMER) for UG and PG courses for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate courses. This article on 9 medical entrance exam provides information on UG and PG entrance examinations mandatory for admission to medical education.
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Following are the list of 9 medical entrance exams conducted for UG and PG medical courses:
Undergraduate medical entrance test
Postgraduate medical entrance test
Candidates who have completed their Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the main subjects will be eligible for appearing in the UG medical entrance test. Check the list of undergraduate medical entrance exams and their details below.
1. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is the only entrance examination for admission to medical as well as dental government, private and deemed universities/colleges across India. As per the order of Supreme Court of India in May 2016, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) has scrapped All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual state level medical entrance exams.
NEET is an offline medical entrance exam containing 180 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from Physics, Chemistry and Biology concepts studied in Class 11 and 12. Check the complete exam pattern of NEET in the from the table below.
NEET exam pattern
Mode of exam
Number of shifts
Time of exam
Medium of exam
English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Kannada and Urdu
Type of questions
Multiple Choice Questions
Total number of questions
+4 marks for a correct answer
-1 for a wrong attempt
0 mark for unanswered questions
From all the government, 15% of the total seats are reserved for All India Quota seats filled by Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). While the remaining 85% state quota seats will filled by respective state counselling authorities on the basis of NEET scores obtained by aspirants. All the seats from central and deemed universities/colleges will be granted on the basis of marks obtained in NEET by MCC.
Till the year 2018, Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted the exam in offline mode. With the press release by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) published on July 7, 2018, it has been declared that NEET 2019 will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA). Earlier, it was discussed that the exam will be conducted online in two sessions – February and May, which later on was removed. From the year 2019, the offline medical entrance exam will be held in pen and paper mode in a single session on May 5, 2019.
2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS entrance exam (AIIMS MBBS) is one of the most eminent exam among the three (3) national level entrance examination for admission to undergraduate medical courses in all AIIMS institutes across India. Through AIIMS MBBS, a total of 800 seats will be offered in 9 AIIMS institutes located at New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Guntur, Jodhpur, Nagpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh. It is the most competitive medical entrance exam with more than 3 lakh aspirants applying.
AIIMS MBBS entrance exam is a computer based test containing 200 objective type questions (Multiple Choice Questions and Reason Assertion) from Physics. Chemistry, Biology, General Knowledge and Aptitude & Logical Reasoning. Given below is the AIIMS MBBS exam pattern for a better idea.
AIIMS MBBS paper pattern
Computer based test (online)
4 shifts for two days – morning and evening
Morning shift: 09:00 am to 12:30 pm
Evening shift: 03:00 pm to 06:30 pm
English and Hindi
Objective Type Questions
Number of questions
200 multiple choice questions + reason assertive
+1 mark for a correct response
-1/3 mark deducted for an incorrect answer
0 mark for unanswered question
Aspirants securing the minimum qualifying AIIMS MBBS cut off will be included in the merit list. The merit list will contain the names of qualified candidates and based on the AIIMS MBBS AIR, students will be called for counselling process for allotment of seats. The process of allotment of seats will be done based on the preferences of colleges as well as courses filled, seats available and rank secured.
It must be noted that AIIMS MBBS 2019 exam date has been announced. The online exam will be conducted on May 25 and 26, 2019, by AIIMS, New Delhi.
3. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research MBBS exam (JIPMER MBBS) is a national level medical entrance exam conducted once in a year by JIPMER, Puducherry. The MBBS entrance exam of JIPMER offers admission to 150 seats at JIPMER Puducherry campus and 50 seats at JIPMER Karaikal campus. More than 1.50 lakh aspirants apply for the online entrance exam. Since, AIIMS and JIPMER are the Institutes of National Importance (INI), thus they are out of NEET ambit and conducted their own entrance examination.
JIPMER, Puducherry conducts JIPMER MBBS in computer based mode with 200 objective type questions (MCQs and reason assertive) asked from Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English Language & Comprehension and Logical and Quantitative Reasoning. The questions asked in the MBBS exam will be based on the syllabus as prescribed by State and CBSE board of Class 11 and 12. For the better idea, the JIPMER MBBS exam pattern has been provided in the table below.
JIPMER paper pattern
Morning session – 10:00 am to 12:30 pm
Evening session – 3:00 pm to 5:30 pm
Objective type questions
+4 marks for a correct response
-1 mark to be deducted for an incorrect answer
Only candidates who will secure the minimum qualifying percentile will pass the MBBS entrance exam. Such aspirants will be included in the merit list comprising of overall percentile scores, subject-wise marks and JIPMER rank. Based on the rank, students will be called for counselling process. Based on the rank, choices filled and seats available, the allotment of seats will be done.
Note: JIPMER MBBS 2019 exam date has been announced. The exam will be held on June 6, 2019.
Once the undergraduate course is completed after the study course of 5 years including 12 months rotatory internship, thereafter, students who wish to pursue specialization in a particular branch of medicine, they need to study postgraduate courses (MD/MS, DNB, MDS). For pursuing specialization in the interested medical fields, aspirants need to appear and qualify in the following postgraduate medical entrance examinations. Also read the details about all the exams.
1. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate (NEET PG) is the only entrance examination to pursue Doctor of Medicine (MD) and Masters of Surgery (MS). National Board of Examinations (NBE) conducts the NEET PG exam for admission to all government, private, deemed and cental universities/colleges across India. As per the orders of the apex court, All India Postgraduate Medical Entrance Examination (AIPGMEE) has been scrapped and NEET PG will be conducted for admission to MD/MS courses. NEET PG 2019 will be held on January 6.
Until the year 2017, NBE conducted NEET PG in a span of 8-10 days with random allocation of days and time slot to the applicants. Also, there was no negative marking for incorrect answers and calculation of marks was done on the basis of difficulty level of the exam. However, from the year 2018, NBE made some changes in the pattern of NEET PG, which are mentioned below:
NEET PG entrance exam was conducted on a single day in a single session.
The negative marking scheme was introduced for the first time. As per the new marking scheme, 4 marks was allotted for correct answer and 1 mark was deducted for a wrong answer.
There was no equating or scaling of marks obtained by candidates.
For the better understanding, below given is the exam pattern of NEET PG.
NEET PG paper pattern
Number of sessions
Duration of exam
3 hours 30 minutes
300 questions with four options
NBE has set the minimum percentile which must be secured to qualify the test. Aspirants who secures the prescribed qualifying percentile will be called for counselling. Candidates securing 50% All India Quota cut off will be granted admission by Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). From all the government, deemed and central universities/colleges, 50% of the seats has been reserved for All India Quota seats.
The remaining 50% state quota seats will be allotted by the state counselling committee of respective states. The state authorities use the scores obtained in NEET PG to prepare a merit list. Based on the state merit list, the eligible candidates will be called for counselling process as per their domicile, rank, preferences and seats available.
2. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for MDS (NEET MDS) is also considered as the only entrance examination for admission to Masters of Dental Surgery courses. Candidates who have completed their BDS degrees with 12 months rotatory internship will be eligible to apply for NEET MDS for admission to 50% All India Quota seats and state quota seats offered by government, private, deemed and central universities/colleges across India. NEET MDS 2019 will be conducted on December 14, 2018.
NEET MDS exam contains 240 multiple choice questions from the subjects taught in MDS programme. Candidates can check the paper pattern of NEET MDS from the table below.
NEET MDS exam pattern
3 hours (180 minutes)
240 questions with four options
4 marks to be awarded for a correct answer
1 marks to be deducted for an incorrect answer
Aspirants securing the minimum qualifying marks will be considered eligible to participate for counselling process. Candidates included in 50% AIQ scheme can participate for NEET counselling conducted by MCC. The remaining 50% state quota seats will be granted by designated state counselling authorities based on NEET MDS scores.
3. All India Institute of Medical Sciences Postgraduate Entrance Exam (AIIMS PG) is one of the prestigious medical entrance examination for admission to MD/MS courses. AIIMS, New Delhi conducts AIIMS PG twice a year in January and July session. The medical entrance exam offers admission to around 499 MD/MS seats in 6 AIIMS institutes located at Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Raipur and Rishikesh, apart from New Delhi. This year, AIIMS PG 2019 for January session will be conducted on November 18, 2018.
AIIMS PG is a computer based test containing 200 objective type questions from pre-clinical, clinical and para-clinical subjects taught in MBBS programmes. Check the exam pattern of NEET PG from the table below.
AIIMS PG paper pattern
3 hours (180 minutes) 10:00 am to 1:00 pm
200 questions with four options
+1 mark each for correct response
-1/3 mark for an incorrect answer
The cut off set by AIIMS, New Delhi must be secured by aspirants to qualify the test. Only those candidates who secures the minimum qualifying percentile will be included in the merit list. Such students will be called for counselling process according to their merit rank position. The seat will be allotted only on the basis of AIIMS PG AIR, choices of courses and colleges filled and seats available.
4. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research – Postgraduate Exam (JIPMER PG) is one of the major PG exams among the three national level entrance test in the country. Candidates who have completed their MBBS from a recognised medical institute along with 12 months internship will be eligible to appear for JIPMER PG. The exam will be conducted twice a year in January and July session. JIPMER PG 2019 for January session to be held on December 2, 2018, in online mode. The PG medical entrance exam of JIPMER offers admission to 200 MD/MS courses (100 seats for each session) in JIPMER, Puducherry.
JIPMER PG is a computer based exam with 250 multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on the subjects taught in MBBS programmes. The complete exam pattern of JIPMER PG is mentioned below.
JIPMER PG exam pattern
250 questions with four options
4 marks for each correct answer
1 mark deducted for a wrong attempt
In order to qualify the medical entrance test, aspirants need to secure the minimum qualifying marks. The qualified candidates will be included in the merit list and will be called for counselling process as per the roster point allocation method.
5. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) is the conducted only for admission to PG medical courses and is one of the most competitive entrance examination in India. Alike AIIMS PG and JIPMER PG, PGIMER is also conducted twice a year in January and July session. Also, like AIIMS and JIPMER, PGIMER is out of NEET PG ambit and can conduct its own entrance examination. For the January session, PGIMER 2019 will be conducted on November 25, 2018, and the result will be announced on November 26.
PGIMER is an offline medical entrance exam with 250 questions. Check the complete PGIMER paper pattern from the table below.
PGIMER exam pattern
Pen and Paper mode (Offline)
Number of shift
Candidates securing the minimum qualifying percentile will be considered qualified and will be eligible for counselling process. The counselling process will be done strictly on the basis of availability of seats and rank obtained.
6. Foreign Medical Graduate Screening Exam (FMGE) is a national level screening test conducted twice a year which allows medical graduates to get a permanent or provisional certificate from Medical Council of India. The medical entrance examination is conducted in the month of December and June, every year by National Board of Examinations (NBE). FMGE 2018 for the December session will be conducted on December 14, 2018.
FMGE exam contains 300 questions which will be divided in two parts – part A and part B. Candidates can check the complete exam pattern of FMGE from the table below.
FMGE paper pattern
150 minutes for each part
1 mark for correct response
0 mark for unattempted question
Candidates securing at least 150 marks out of 300 will be considered qualified in the entrance test. NBE will release the result mentioning qualifying status of candidates.
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